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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Mechanisms of nucleotide selection by telomerase

    Matthew A Schaich et al.
    The roles of key telomerase active site residues were elucidated to determine how telomerase selects the correct from the incorrect nucleotide to maintain telomere integrity.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Quantitative microscopy of functional HIV post-entry complexes reveals association of replication with the viral capsid

    Ke Peng et al.
    A robust method to quantitatively visualize HIV-1 replication complexes in infected cells shows that these complexes remain associated with the viral capsid beyond nuclear import in primary macrophages.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Respiratory and intestinal epithelial cells exhibit differential susceptibility and innate immune responses to contemporary EV-D68 isolates

    Megan Culler Freeman et al.
    Parallel studies in primary human airway cells and stem cell-derived enteroids show that Enterovirus D-68 differentially infects and induces innate immune signaling in the respiratory and intestinal epithelium.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Medicine

    A randomized feasibility trial comparing four antimalarial drug regimens to induce Plasmodium falciparum gametocytemia in the controlled human malaria infection model

    Isaie J Reuling et al.
    Controlled human malaria infection model allows the study of gametocyte biology and dynamics providing novel insights and tools in malaria transmission and elimination efforts.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Sterically confined rearrangements of SARS-CoV-2 Spike protein control cell invasion

    Esteban Dodero-Rojas et al.
    SARS-CoV-2 entry mechanism through membrane fusion is regulated by the spike protein glycosylation state.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HIV-1 uncoating by release of viral cDNA from capsid-like structures in the nucleus of infected cells

    Thorsten G Müller et al.
    HIV-1 capsids enter the host cell nucleus, where they are partially disrupted to release the viral genome upon completion of reverse transcription.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Active invasion of bacteria into living fungal cells

    Nadine Moebius et al.
    Bacteria invade living fungal cells using secreted chitinolytic enzymes that allow for a traceless entry, as shown by microscopic snapshots.
    1. Cell Biology

    p97-dependent retrotranslocation and proteolytic processing govern formation of active Nrf1 upon proteasome inhibition

    Senthil K Radhakrishnan et al.
    The enzyme p97/VCP regulates the activity of the transcription factor Nrf1 to promote increased transcription of genes that encode proteasome subunits following inhibition of the proteasome.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    A modular approach to integrating multiple data sources into real-time clinical prediction for pediatric diarrhea

    Ben J Brintz et al.
    Using a modular approach to integrate multiple data sources for the prediction of diarrhea etiology has the potential to reduce inappropriate antibiotics prescription in low-resource settings.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cytoplasmic retention and degradation of a mitotic inducer enable plant infection by a pathogenic fungus

    Paola Bardetti et al.
    Degradation of a mitotic inducer coordinates the transition of two successive cell cycle arrests during the infective process of a plant pathogenic fungus.