2,777 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Design principles of autocatalytic cycles constrain enzyme kinetics and force low substrate saturation at flux branch points

    Uri Barenholz et al.
    The stability of metabolic autocatalytic cycles that are widespread in central metabolism limits the affinities of enzymes at flux branch points and explains excess expression of these enzymes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Cryptic genetic variation shapes the adaptive evolutionary potential of enzymes

    Florian Baier et al.
    Genetic change among enzyme orthologous with similar phenotypic properties can cause substantial differences in evolutionary response to a new enzyme function in terms of their molecular and fitness outcomes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis for interdomain communication in SHIP2 providing high phosphatase activity

    Johanne Le Coq et al.
    The SHIP2 inositol phosphatase is an important upstream regulator of the Akt signaling pathway, which requires a catalytic core formed by the phosphatase domain tightly packed to a C2 domain for its function.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Dynamics of human protein kinase Aurora A linked to drug selectivity

    Warintra Pitsawong et al.
    Slow conformational changes after drug binding rationalize selectivity, affinity and long on-target residence time for kinase inhibitors.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Bistability of a coupled Aurora B kinase-phosphatase system in cell division

    Anatoly V Zaytsev et al.
    Self-activating Aurora B kinase, opposed by an inhibitory phosphatase, forms spatial phosphorylation patterns during cell division.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Two bifunctional inositol pyrophosphate kinases/phosphatases control plant phosphate homeostasis

    Jinsheng Zhu et al.
    Genetic and biochemical analysis of two enzymes reveals that inositol pyrophosphate signaling molecules allow plants to sense and regulate cellular phosphate levels, and to take up more phosphate when needed.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The Wolbachia cytoplasmic incompatibility enzyme CidB targets nuclear import and protamine-histone exchange factors

    John Frederick Beckmann et al.
    Genetic and proteomic screening with Wolbachia's CidB enzyme reveal the mechanisms and targets of cytoplasmic incompatibility (CI).
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Structural and kinetic analysis of the COP9-Signalosome activation and the cullin-RING ubiquitin ligase deneddylation cycle

    Ruzbeh Mosadeghi et al.
    The general principles that underlie the mechanism of action of the COP9-Signalosome, a key regulator of the largest family of ubiquitin ligase enzymes in human cells, have been identified using structural and kinetic techniques.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Homing Genetic Elements: Mobile DNAs and switching mating types in yeast

    Laura N Rusche
    The gene that allows budding yeast cells to switch their mating type evolved from a newly discovered family of genes named weird HO.
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    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Epigenetics: A memory of longevity

    Felicity Emerson et al.
    Worms with increased levels of the epigenetic mark H3K9me2 have a longer lifespan that can be passed down to future generations.
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