71 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Golgi compartments enable controlled biomolecular assembly using promiscuous enzymes

    Anjali Jaiman, Mukund Thattai
    By partitioning promiscuous enzymes across multiple Golgi compartments, eukaryotic cells can tightly control the synthesis of complex sugar oligomers.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The human gut chemical landscape predicts microbe-mediated biotransformation of foods and drugs

    Leah Guthrie et al.
    A network of the gut chemical landscape predicts microbe-mediated biotransformation of foods and drugs and supports the generation of mechanistic hypotheses of microbiome metabolic phenotypes that shape human biology.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    A universal pocket in fatty acyl-AMP ligases ensures redirection of fatty acid pool away from coenzyme A-based activation

    Gajanan S Patil et al.
    The structural basis of how an enzyme differentiates chemically identical molecules unlike its homolog to channel fatty acids towards secondary metabolism is elucidated.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Total biosynthesis of the cyclic AMP booster forskolin from Coleus forskohlii

    Irini Pateraki et al.
    The entire biosynthetic pathway for the diterpenoid forskolin in Coleus forskohlii has been reconstituted in yeast.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Intracellular complexities of acquiring a new enzymatic function revealed by mass-randomisation of active-site residues

    Kelsi R Hall et al.
    Evolving E. coli NfsA for enhanced chloramphenicol detoxification in the native host environment shows that eliminating substrate competition can occur rapidly, and be key to evolving a new enzymatic function.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Evolutionary routes to biochemical innovation revealed by integrative analysis of a plant-defense related specialized metabolic pathway

    Gaurav D Moghe et al.
    Integrative analysis of a specialized metabolic pathway across multiple non-model species illustrates mechanisms of emergence of chemical novelty in plant metabolism.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Primary and promiscuous functions coexist during evolutionary innovation through whole protein domain acquisitions

    José Antonio Escudero et al.
    The coexistence of ancestral and innovative functions is possible and fosters evolutionary innovation in events involving the acquisition of whole protein domains.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Independent evolution of ancestral and novel defenses in a genus of toxic plants (Erysimum, Brassicaceae)

    Tobias Züst et al.
    A gain-of-function in a new chemical defense resulted in no trade-offs and and independent evolution between novel and ancestral defenses, suggesting low redundancy among different defensive chemicals.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Resolving dual binding conformations of cellulosome cohesin-dockerin complexes using single-molecule force spectroscopy

    Markus A Jobst et al.
    A single-molecule approach is able to discriminate the redundant binding conformations of cellulosomal dockerin based on differences in their mechanical properties.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Binding and transport of D-aspartate by the glutamate transporter homolog GltTk

    Valentina Arkhipova et al.
    Glutamate transporter homologs can efficiently bind and transport both L- and D- enantiomeric substrates with only slight rearrangements in the binding site.

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