58 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mapping the zoonotic niche of Ebola virus disease in Africa

    David M Pigott et al.
    Understanding where future Ebola virus outbreaks may start and the changing nature of the populations living in these places is of critical importance in helping to prepare for future outbreaks.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Estimated effectiveness of symptom and risk screening to prevent the spread of COVID-19

    Katelyn Gostic et al.
    Even in the best-case scenario, screening for COVID-19 misses well over half of infected travellers.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Quantifying the contribution of Plasmodium falciparum malaria to febrile illness amongst African children

    Ursula Dalrymple et al.
    Fevers amongst African children are often assumed to be caused by a malaria infection, but here it is estimated that the majority of fevers amongst African children, including those with a patent malaria infection, are due to infections with diseases other than malaria.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Global mapping of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 and H5Nx clade 2.3.4.4 viruses with spatial cross-validation

    Madhur S Dhingra et al.
    The global suitability for avian flu H5N1 in poultry is predicted and spatially cross-validated, highlighting areas where the disease can spread in the absence of prevention and control, and represent a public health threat.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Evolutionary genomics of epidemic visceral leishmaniasis in the Indian subcontinent

    Hideo Imamura et al.
    Genome sequencing reveals the evolution and epidemiology of Leishmania donovani in the Indian subcontinent, where epidemics have caused up to 30,000 deaths per year.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Evidence for transmission of COVID-19 prior to symptom onset

    Lauren C Tindale et al.
    Control of COVID-19 will require strong case finding and isolation of exposed individuals because transmission can occur days prior to symptom onset.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Local emergence in Amazonia of Plasmodium falciparum k13 C580Y mutants associated with in vitro artemisinin resistance

    Luana C Mathieu et al.
    The de novo selection of a mutation responsible for Plasmodium falciparum in vitro artemisinin resistance is confirmed in Guyana, making artemisinin combination therapies vulnerable to complete resistance in this region.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Quarantine: Should I stay or should I go?

    Mirjam Kretzschmar, Johannes Müller
    Analysing the characteristics of the SARS-CoV-2 virus makes it possible to estimate the length of quarantine that reduces the impact on society and the economy, while minimising infections.
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    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Quantifying the impact of quarantine duration on COVID-19 transmission

    Peter Ashcroft et al.
    Test-and-release quarantine strategies for traced contacts of confirmed SARS-CoV-2 cases and returning travellers can reduce average quarantine durations while remaining as effective as 10 days of quarantine without testing.
    1. Ecology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Effectiveness of traveller screening for emerging pathogens is shaped by epidemiology and natural history of infection

    Katelyn M Gostic et al.
    Pathogen natural history, epidemiological knowledge, human behavior and epidemic progression determine whether symptom screening and questionnaires are effective barriers to geographic spread of infection by travelers.

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