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    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Medicine

    Science Forum: Challenges in validating candidate therapeutic targets in cancer

    Jeffrey Settleman et al.
    More than 30 published articles have suggested that a protein kinase called MELK is an attractive therapeutic target in human cancer, but three recent reports describe compelling evidence that it is not.
    1. Ecology
    Deer mouse illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Peromyscus mice as a model for studying natural variation

    Nicole L Bedford, Hopi E Hoekstra
    The deer mouse (Peromyscus) has emerged as a model system for studying many aspects of biology, supported by extensive historical knowledge of its fascinating and varied natural history.
    1. Ecology
    2. Neuroscience
    Silhouette of a zebra finch on a blue background.

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Neurogenomic insights into the behavioral and vocal development of the zebra finch

    Mark E Hauber et al.
    The genetic and behavioral diversity of the zebra finch, both in the wild and in captivity, make it well-suited for neuroethological studies of vocal learning, culture, and social bonding.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The effect of hybridization on transposable element accumulation in an undomesticated fungal species

    Mathieu Hénault et al.
    Transposable elements are not reactivated in natural hybrids of the yeast Saccharomyces paradoxus, but their accumulation is genotype-specific and is not predicted by the evolutionary divergence between a hybrid's parents.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Speciation and the developmental alarm clock

    Asher D Cutter, Joanna D Bundus
    Integrating speciation genetics with ontogeny can identify predictable rules in the molecular evolution of developmental pathways and in the accumulation of reproductive isolation as genomes diverge.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Evolutionary dynamics of transposable elements in bdelloid rotifers

    Reuben W Nowell et al.
    An investigation of transposable element evolution in a group of long-term asexual animals shows that many of the predicted effects of asexuality are not observed.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Dynamic turnover of centromeres drives karyotype evolution in Drosophila

    Ryan Bracewell et al.
    De novo formation of centromeres creates diverse karyotypes in flies and is accompanied by rapid turnover of centromere-associated satellite repeats.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Preclinical murine tumor models: A structural and functional perspective

    Marion V Guerin et al.
    Dissecting structural, cellular and molecular differences between transplanted and spontaneous mouse tumor models, highlighting their relevance for predicting the efficacy of anti-cancer treatments in patients.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HSV-1 single-cell analysis reveals the activation of anti-viral and developmental programs in distinct sub-populations

    Nir Drayman et al.
    Single-cell analyses of cells infected by Herpes Simplex Virus 1 revealed extreme heterogeneity among infected cells, including the robust activation of developmental gene programs in highly infected cells.
    1. Cancer Biology

    BRAFV600E cooperates with CDX2 inactivation to promote serrated colorectal tumorigenesis

    Naoya Sakamoto et al.
    Genetic analyses reveal how CDX2 and BRAF defects seen in serrated colorectal cancer (CRCs), a poor prognosis CRC subset, cooperate in tumorigenesis in humans and in a mouse cancer model.