715 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Enteric glia as a source of neural progenitors in adult zebrafish

    Sarah McCallum et al.
    Characterization of a novel population of enteric nervous system glial cells in zebrafish reveals their proliferative and neurogenic properties under homeostatic conditions in adults, properties difficult to model in mammals.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Plant Biology

    Natural variation in autumn expression is the major adaptive determinant distinguishing Arabidopsis FLC haplotypes

    Jo Hepworth et al.
    Variation in autumnal expression from starting expression levels and initial cold-down-regulation, rather than epigenetic silencing, is the major field variable conferred by worldwide haplotypes of the floral repressor gene, FLC.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Large domains of heterochromatin direct the formation of short mitotic chromosome loops

    Maximilian H Fitz-James et al.
    Large regions of foreign DNA inserted into mammalian chromosomes assemble into H3K9me3-heterochromatin and result in increased condensin loading with organisation into shorter mitotic chromosome loops than endogenous DNA.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Hedgehog signaling is required for endomesodermal patterning and germ cell development in the sea anemone Nematostella vectensis

    Cheng-Yi Chen et al.
    The dependence of Nematostella germ cell specification on zygotic Hedgehog pathway activity supports the hypothesis that the eumetazoan common ancestor segregated its germline by inductive signals rather than maternal determinants.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dynamic encoding of social threat and spatial context in the hypothalamus

    Piotr Krzywkowski et al.
    Threat and context-responsive neurons in the ventromedial hypothalamus are reshaped by experience to drive social avoidance.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Genome-wide alterations of uracil distribution patterns in human DNA upon chemotherapeutic treatments

    Hajnalka L Pálinkás et al.
    Human genomic DNA contains uracil in the late replicating, constitutive heterochromatic regions, while treatment with drugs perturbing thymidylate biosynthesis shifts the uracil distribution pattern towards the euchromatin in UNG-inhibited cells.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Cell-cycle-gated feedback control mediates desensitization to interferon stimulation

    Anusorn Mudla et al.
    Cell cycle gating enables a temporal compartmentalization of negative vs positive feedback control processes, leading to differential responses to repetitive interferon stimulations.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Sox17 and β-catenin co-occupy Wnt-responsive enhancers to govern the endoderm gene regulatory network

    Shreyasi Mukherjee et al.
    Genomic analysis of Xenopus gastrula reveal that the transcription factor Sox17 interacts with the Wnt signaling effector ß-catenin on enhancers to regulate the transcriptional program underlying endoderm germ layer formation.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    miRNA profile is altered in a modified EAE mouse model of multiple sclerosis featuring cortical lesions

    Nicola S Orefice et al.
    A novel EAE model featuring cortical lesions and an autoimmune heterogeneity, two key parameters missing in the classical model, allows for insights in disease pathogenesis.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Arginine methylation of SHANK2 by PRMT7 promotes human breast cancer metastasis through activating endosomal FAK signalling

    Yingqi Liu et al.
    PRMT7-mediated SHANK2 methylation regulates breast cancer metastasis by activating endosomal FAK signals, and may provide potential clues for tumour metastasis treatment strategies.

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