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    1. Medicine
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    HIF-1α regulates IL-1β and IL-17 in sarcoidosis

    Jaya Talreja et al.
    Sarcoidosis, a granulomatous disease characterized by macrophage and T-cell activation, is found to be associated with increased HIF-1α transcriptional activity, and modulation of HIF-1α regulates inflammatory immune responses.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Intergenerational epigenetic inheritance of cancer susceptibility in mammals

    Bluma J Lesch et al.
    Genetic knockout of the histone demethylase Kdm6a in the mouse germ line leads to elevated cancer incidence in genetically wild type offspring.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Nanos promotes epigenetic reprograming of the germline by down-regulation of the THAP transcription factor LIN-15B

    Chih-Yung Sean Lee et al.
    Nanos is required for germline specification by erasure of maternal program in primordial germ cells.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Deep learning models predict regulatory variants in pancreatic islets and refine type 2 diabetes association signals

    Agata Wesolowska-Andersen et al.
    Combination of deep learning models trained on tissue-specific genomic data and fine-mapping approaches supports efforts to identify causal variants and mechanisms at GWAS loci.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Dynamic regulation of chromatin accessibility by pluripotency transcription factors across the cell cycle

    Elias T Friman et al.
    OCT4 and SOX2 display partially independent activity to regulate chromatin accessibility, and highly dynamic activity of OCT4 is required throughout the cell cycle to maintain pluripotency enhancer accessibility.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    A human ESC-based screen identifies a role for the translated lncRNA LINC00261 in pancreatic endocrine differentiation

    Bjoern Gaertner et al.
    Ribosome profiling and loss-of-function during human ESC pancreatic differentiation reveal abundant lncRNA translation and an essential role for translated LINC00261 in beta cell differentiation, likely through a trans-regulatory, microprotein-independent mechanism.
    1. Plant Biology

    Non-canonical RNA-directed DNA methylation participates in maternal and environmental control of seed dormancy

    Mayumi Iwasaki et al.
    Seed-specific and cold-induced DNA methylation is deposited in the seed progeny to form a transient and transgenerational memory of past environmental conditions to optimize seed germination timing.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Functional evaluation of transposable elements as enhancers in mouse embryonic and trophoblast stem cells

    Christopher D Todd et al.
    Genetic and epigenetic editing experiments establish causal links between transposon-derived enhancers and gene regulation in mouse embryonic and extraembryonic lineages.
    1. Developmental Biology

    DNA methylation and gene expression changes derived from assisted reproductive technologies can be decreased by reproductive fluids

    Sebastian Canovas et al.
    Reproductive fluids help the correct establishment of some epigenetic marks and gene expression in preimplantation pig embryos.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Increasing Notch signaling antagonizes PRC2-mediated silencing to promote reprograming of germ cells into neurons

    Stefanie Seelk et al.
    Increased Notch signaling enhances germ cell reprograming in C. elegans by antagonizing PRC2-mediated repression, which results in the activation of UTX-1 and other reprograming-promoting genes.