785 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    A human ESC-based screen identifies a role for the translated lncRNA LINC00261 in pancreatic endocrine differentiation

    Bjoern Gaertner et al.
    Ribosome profiling and loss-of-function during human ESC pancreatic differentiation reveal abundant lncRNA translation and an essential role for translated LINC00261 in beta cell differentiation, likely through a trans-regulatory, microprotein-independent mechanism.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An analog to digital converter controls bistable transfer competence development of a widespread bacterial integrative and conjugative element

    Nicolas Carraro et al.
    A new multistep hierarchical cascade controls activation of an integrative and conjugative element in a small subpopulation of cells in its bacterial host, yielding proficient DNA transferring cells.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Estrogen exacerbates mammary involution through neutrophil-dependent and -independent mechanism

    Chew Leng Lim et al.
    Estrogen aggravates mammary involution through lysosome-mediated cell death, neutrophil recruitment via CXCR2 signalling, neutrophil-mediated inflammation and adipocyte repopulation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Odd-paired is a pioneer-like factor that coordinates with Zelda to control gene expression in embryos

    Theodora Koromila et al.
    The gene Odd-paired is a late-acting regulator of zygotic gene expression, functioning coordinately with Zelda to influence chromatin accessibility and affecting genes expressed along both axes of Drosophila embryos.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    S-phase-independent silencing establishment in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

    Davis Goodnight, Jasper Rine
    Cell-cycle progression is crucial for heterochromatin formation in budding yeast because S phase promotes the removal of active chromatin marks.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Host sirtuin 2 as an immunotherapeutic target against tuberculosis

    Ashima Bhaskar et al.
    The inhibition of host Sirtuin-2 by AGK2 restricts mycobacterial growth in vivo by modulation of host transcriptome leading to activation of protective immune responses.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genetic and environmental determinants of variation in the plasma lipidome of older Australian twins

    Matthew WK Wong et al.
    A minor subset of plasma lipids are heritable, and this is associated with gene expression of transcripts related to roles beyond lipid metabolism, including immune function and cell signalling.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    High glucose levels increase influenza-associated damage to the pulmonary epithelial-endothelial barrier

    Katina D Hulme et al.
    Hyperglycaemia increases influenza severity by damaging the pulmonary epithelial-endothelial barrier and increasing pulmonary oedema during Influenza A virus infection.
    1. Neuroscience

    Alzheimer’s disease risk gene BIN1 induces Tau-dependent network hyperexcitability

    Yuliya Voskobiynyk et al.
    BIN1 forms a complex with Tau and voltage-gated calcium channels in neurons, and higher BIN1 levels promote neuronal activity, calcium influx, and bursting that is blocked by reducing Tau.

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