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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Endogenous RNA interference is driven by copy number

    Cristina Cruz, Jonathan Houseley
    The ability to target transcripts from high-copy regions of the genome is an emergent property of a minimal RNA interference system.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Acetylation of histone H3 at lysine 64 regulates nucleosome dynamics and facilitates transcription

    Vincenzo Di Cerbo et al.
    The acetylation of histones at specific sites close to DNA can regulate transcription.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Holocentromeres are dispersed point centromeres localized at transcription factor hotspots

    Florian A Steiner, Steven Henikoff
    Worm holocentromeres show a polycentric distribution, with each site containing a single centromeric nucleosome and also being targeted by multiple transcription factors.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Tyrosine phosphorylation of RNA polymerase II CTD is associated with antisense promoter transcription and active enhancers in mammalian cells

    Nicolas Descostes et al.
    Genome-wide analysis reveals novel functions for a post-translational modification to the carboxy-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA Polymerase II in mammals.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    MOF-associated complexes ensure stem cell identity and Xist repression

    Tomasz Chelmicki et al.
    Two complexes that contain the histone acetyl transferase MOF engage in a two-pronged approach to ensure the repression of X inactivation in mouse embryonic stem cells.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    B cell activation involves nanoscale receptor reorganizations and inside-out signaling by Syk

    Kathrin Kläsener et al.
    Studying the earliest events in B cell activation reveals that the B cell antigen receptor is opened and activated via the phosphorylation and binding by the spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk).
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Methylation of histone H3K23 blocks DNA damage in pericentric heterochromatin during meiosis

    Romeo Papazyan et al.
    A previously unappreciated histone methylation pathway helps limit DNA double-strand break formation and recombination in heterochromatin during meiosis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Histone supply regulates S phase timing and cell cycle progression

    Ufuk Günesdogan et al.
    Controlling cell cycle progression in a developing embryo directly depends on de novo histone supply and a specialized surveillance mechanism for nucleosome assembly.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Identification of the transcription factor ZEB1 as a central component of the adipogenic gene regulatory network

    Carine Gubelmann et al.
    A large-scale transcription factor screen reveals over twenty novel adipogenic regulators: most notably ZEB1, which exerts essential transcriptional control of fat cell differentiation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Synthetic CpG islands reveal DNA sequence determinants of chromatin structure

    Elisabeth Wachter et al.
    Genomic landmarks, known generically as ‘CpG islands’, program chromatin structure via their richness in the dinucleotide CG and their skewed composition of DNA bases.