1,086 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Interplay of cell dynamics and epithelial tension during morphogenesis of the Drosophila pupal wing

    Raphaël Etournay et al.
    Autonomous patterns of cell contraction in the context of localized apical extracellular matrix constraints specify tissue stresses that reshape the wing epithelium.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Transient external force induces phenotypic reversion of malignant epithelial structures via nitric oxide signaling

    Benjamin L Ricca et al.
    In a 3D culture model of breast epithelium, application of a short-timescale compression to single malignant cells promotes the long-timescale development of polarized, growth-arrested structures.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Paracrine Met signaling triggers epithelial–mesenchymal transition in mammary luminal progenitors, affecting their fate

    Amandine Di-Cicco et al.
    Mammary progenitors identified by a new marker, ICAM-1, undergo epithelial-mesenchymal transition and luminal-to-basal switch in response to paracrine Met activation.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Impaired ABCA1/ABCG1-mediated lipid efflux in the mouse retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) leads to retinal degeneration

    Federica Storti et al.
    Lipid efflux by the retinal pigment epithelium is crucial for proper retinal integrity and function, and its impairment may contribute to diseases like age-related macular degeneration.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Detailed analysis of chick optic fissure closure reveals Netrin-1 as an essential mediator of epithelial fusion

    Holly Hardy et al.
    Chick optic fissure closure is a powerful new model system for epithelial fusion and has revealed Netrin-1 as a conserved and essential mediator of tissue fusion in multiple contexts.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    The tumor suppressor PTEN and the PDK1 kinase regulate formation of the columnar neural epithelium

    Joaquim Grego-Bessa et al.
    In addition to its role in regulating proliferation and cell death, the PTEN tumor suppressor regulates epithelial morphogenesis through the PDK1 kinase.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Anillin regulates epithelial cell mechanics by structuring the medial-apical actomyosin network

    Torey R Arnold et al.
    In epithelial cells, anillin organizes the medial-apical actomyosin cortex into a contractile load-bearing structure and increases tissue-level stiffness.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Concerted action of neuroepithelial basal shrinkage and active epithelial migration ensures efficient optic cup morphogenesis

    Jaydeep Sidhaye, Caren Norden
    Cellular and tissue level analysis reveals how different cell behaviors involving dynamics of the basal domain cooperate in space and time to shape an epithelial organ.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Polo-like kinase 1 induces epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition and promotes epithelial cell motility by activating CRAF/ERK signaling

    Jianguo Wu et al.
    Overexpression of PLK1 triggers oncogenic transformation and transcriptional reprogramming of prostate epithelial cells, which stimulates cell migration and invasion.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Musashi proteins are post-transcriptional regulators of the epithelial-luminal cell state

    Yarden Katz et al.
    Genetic mouse models and human cell lines show that Musashi proteins promote an epithelial/luminal state and inhibit epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT), and genome-wide maps of translational regulatory targets connect Musashi proteins to an epithelial alternative splicing program and to the regulation of EMT.

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