1,289 results found
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Transient external force induces phenotypic reversion of malignant epithelial structures via nitric oxide signaling

    Benjamin L Ricca et al.
    In a 3D culture model of breast epithelium, application of a short-timescale compression to single malignant cells promotes the long-timescale development of polarized, growth-arrested structures.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Interplay of cell dynamics and epithelial tension during morphogenesis of the Drosophila pupal wing

    Raphaël Etournay et al.
    Autonomous patterns of cell contraction in the context of localized apical extracellular matrix constraints specify tissue stresses that reshape the wing epithelium.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Paracrine Met signaling triggers epithelial–mesenchymal transition in mammary luminal progenitors, affecting their fate

    Amandine Di-Cicco et al.
    Mammary progenitors identified by a new marker, ICAM-1, undergo epithelial-mesenchymal transition and luminal-to-basal switch in response to paracrine Met activation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Detailed analysis of chick optic fissure closure reveals Netrin-1 as an essential mediator of epithelial fusion

    Holly Hardy et al.
    Chick optic fissure closure is a powerful new model system for epithelial fusion and has revealed Netrin-1 as a conserved and essential mediator of tissue fusion in multiple contexts.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Impaired ABCA1/ABCG1-mediated lipid efflux in the mouse retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) leads to retinal degeneration

    Federica Storti et al.
    Lipid efflux by the retinal pigment epithelium is crucial for proper retinal integrity and function, and its impairment may contribute to diseases like age-related macular degeneration.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Inflammation-induced IgE promotes epithelial hyperplasia and tumour growth

    Mark David Hayes et al.
    Natural IgE supports epithelial cell growth and differentiation in healthy skin, but during chronic tissue inflammation, IgE drives tumour outgrowth of epithelial cells harbouring oncogenic mutations.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Anillin regulates epithelial cell mechanics by structuring the medial-apical actomyosin network

    Torey R Arnold et al.
    In epithelial cells, anillin organizes the medial-apical actomyosin cortex into a contractile load-bearing structure and increases tissue-level stiffness.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    The tumor suppressor PTEN and the PDK1 kinase regulate formation of the columnar neural epithelium

    Joaquim Grego-Bessa et al.
    In addition to its role in regulating proliferation and cell death, the PTEN tumor suppressor regulates epithelial morphogenesis through the PDK1 kinase.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    The follicle epithelium in the Drosophila ovary is maintained by a small number of stem cells

    Jocelyne Fadiga, Todd G Nystul
    Just 2-4 follicle stem cells maintain each follicle epithelium in the Drosophila ovary, and they reside within a single ring at the anterior edge of the tissue.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Polo-like kinase 1 induces epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition and promotes epithelial cell motility by activating CRAF/ERK signaling

    Jianguo Wu et al.
    Overexpression of PLK1 triggers oncogenic transformation and transcriptional reprogramming of prostate epithelial cells, which stimulates cell migration and invasion.

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