4,754 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural evidence accumulation persists after choice to inform metacognitive judgments

    Peter R Murphy et al.
    Error detection is contingent on the continuation of evidence accumulation after choice commitment, and the speed and accuracy of this process are modulated by high-level signals from medial frontal cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuronal representation of saccadic error in macaque posterior parietal cortex (PPC)

    Yang Zhou et al.
    Neurons in the macaque posterior parietal cortex behave like an error detector that computes the saccadic error by comparing the intended and the actual saccade end-position signals.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    The mechanism of error induction by the antibiotic viomycin provides insight into the fidelity mechanism of translation

    Mikael Holm et al.
    The antibiotic viomycin induces errors during initial codon selection by the ribosome by locking the monitoring bases in their active conformation.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Quorums enable optimal pooling of independent judgements in biological systems

    James AR Marshall et al.
    Consideration of signal detection theory shows how decision ecology relates to optimal collective decisions, helping explain the prevalence of quorum-sensing in even the simplest collective systems, such as bacterial communities.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Patterns of within-host genetic diversity in SARS-CoV-2

    Gerry Tonkin-Hill et al.
    Characterisation of within-host diversity of SARS-CoV-2 provides insights into the mutational and selective mechanisms driving its evolution and has important implications for using within-host variation to inform transmission inference efforts.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Standardized mean differences cause funnel plot distortion in publication bias assessments

    Peter-Paul Zwetsloot et al.
    Funnel plots of the Standardized Mean Difference versus the standard error are prone to distortion, leading to false-positive tests for funnel plot asymmetry, and therefore using the Normalised Mean Difference, or a sample size-based precision estimate, are more reliable alternatives.
    1. Neuroscience

    Uncertainty leads to persistent effects on reach representations in dorsal premotor cortex

    Brian M Dekleva et al.
    When Rhesus monkeys plan reaching movements of which they are not fully confident, a particular area of the brain represents both the chosen action as well as alternate movements, perhaps as an aid for error correction or learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    L-DOPA modulates activity in the vmPFC, nucleus accumbens, and VTA during threat extinction learning in humans

    Roland Esser et al.
    Encoding an expected, but absent, threat is modulated by dopaminergic neurotransmission that regulates success of extinction learning in humans.
    1. Neuroscience

    Reward prediction error does not explain movement selectivity in DMS-projecting dopamine neurons

    Rachel S Lee et al.
    Despite the fundamental relationship between movement and value, they are represented in a separable manner in dopamine neurons.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Mismatch repair deficiency endows tumors with a unique mutation signature and sensitivity to DNA double-strand breaks

    Hui Zhao et al.
    A comprehensive catalogue of somatic mutations accumulating in MMR-deficient tumors highlights their relevance in the context of human genetic evolution, for the diagnosis of microsatellite instability and the provision of targeted treatment options.

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