5,621 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Flexible motor sequence generation during stereotyped escape responses

    Yuan Wang et al.
    Time-ordered and flexible motor sequences in C.elegans are generated by combining an excitatory feedforward coupling and mutual inhibitions between neurons in different functional modules.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural Circuits: Turning away from danger

    Jun Liu, Monika Scholz
    The flexible escape behavior exhibited by C. elegans in response to threats relies on a combination of feedback and feedforward circuits.
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    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Distinct modes of SMAD2 chromatin binding and remodeling shape the transcriptional response to NODAL/Activin signaling

    Davide M Coda et al.
    NODAL/Activin-induced SMAD2 binding directly drives remodeling of both open and closed chromatin and does not directly correlate with temporal patterns of gene expression upon prolonged signaling.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Synergistic interactions with PI3K inhibition that induce apoptosis

    Yaara Zwang et al.
    A geneome-scale shRNA screen identifies five genes whose suppression promotes cell death upon PI3K inhibition both in vitro and in vivo, thus suggesting potential combination therapies involving PI3K inhibition.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Purinergic signaling in cochlear supporting cells reduces hair cell excitability by increasing the extracellular space

    Travis A Babola et al.
    Supporting cells in the cochlea change their shape in response to purinergic receptor activation, which influences hair cell excitability by altering potassium redistribution in the extracellular space.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Digital signaling decouples activation probability and population heterogeneity

    Ryan A Kellogg et al.
    Digital NF-κB signaling achieves orthogonal control over the probability of activation (percentage of activated cells) and dynamic response heterogeneity in the population via the area and shape of the input profile.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Co-evolution within structured bacterial communities results in multiple expansion of CRISPR loci and enhanced immunity

    Nora C Pyenson, Luciano A Marraffini
    Cells must acquire multiple viral spacer sequences to neutralize mutant escaper phages and form colonies during the CRISPR-Cas immune response.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sensory prediction errors in the human midbrain signal identity violations independent of perceptual distance

    Javier A Suarez et al.
    Activity in the midbrain responds to unexpected changes in outcome identity (i.e. sensory prediction error) but does not scale with perceptual distance between expected and receipt reward.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Engineering ER-stress dependent non-conventional mRNA splicing

    Weihan Li et al.
    Ire1's RNase specificity and its cleavage sites coordination shape the evolutionary specialization of the unfolded protein response.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Expression of different L1 isoforms of Mastomys natalensis papillomavirus as mechanism to circumvent adaptive immunity

    Yingying Fu et al.
    Cutaneous papillomaviruses potentially escape humoral immune response by synthesizing an alternative major capsid protein isoform during the initial course of infection that is unable to induce neutralizing antibodies.

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