238 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Estrogen receptor alpha somatic mutations Y537S and D538G confer breast cancer endocrine resistance by stabilizing the activating function-2 binding conformation

    Sean W Fanning et al.
    Two common mutant versions of estrogen receptor alpha achieve constitutive activity and hormone-resistance by preferentially adopting a suite of conformations that expose the coregulator-binding surface.
    1. Neuroscience

    Genetic dissection of the different roles of hypothalamic kisspeptin neurons in regulating female reproduction

    Luhong Wang et al.
    Estradiol regulates the pre-ovulatory luteinizing hormone surge through hypothalamic anteroventral periventricular kisspeptin neurons and maintains reproductive cyclicity through arcuate kisspeptin neurons in an activational manner.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Neuronal TORC1 modulates longevity via AMPK and cell nonautonomous regulation of mitochondrial dynamics in C. elegans

    Yue Zhang et al.
    Modulating the nutrient sensor TORC1 only in neurons in C. elegans is sufficient to regulate systemic longevity via inter-tissue signals that remodel mitochondria networks in non neuronal cells.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Circulating T cell-monocyte complexes are markers of immune perturbations

    Julie G Burel et al.
    Human blood contains T cell-monocyte complexes which are not technical artefacts but reflect true in vivo immune cell interactions.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Rhodoquinone biosynthesis in C. elegans requires precursors generated by the kynurenine pathway

    Samantha Del Borrello et al.
    Parasitic helminths infect over a billion humans and use unusual anaerobic metabolism that needs a rare electron carrier, Rhodoquinone (RQ), whose synthesis requires the kynurenine pathway of tryptophan degradation.
    1. Cell Biology

    Misfolded GPI-anchored proteins are escorted through the secretory pathway by ER-derived factors

    Eszter Zavodszky, Ramanujan S Hegde
    ER-resident chaperones and cargo receptors make excursions to the cell surface and endocytic compartments when they accompany misfolded clients to lysosomes for degradation.
    1. Cell Biology

    Stable Pom1 clusters form a glucose-modulated concentration gradient that regulates mitotic entry

    Corey A H Allard et al.
    Dynamic signaling protein clusters sample and map the cell surface to ensure that cells divide at the proper size.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Proteotoxicity from aberrant ribosome biogenesis compromises cell fitness

    Blake W Tye et al.
    Rapidly proliferating cells are at risk of compromised cell fitness due to proteostasis collapse from perturbations that interfere with ribosome biogenesis.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Protein denaturation at the air-water interface and how to prevent it

    Edoardo D'Imprima et al.
    Hydrophilized graphene prevents protein denaturation at the air-water interface.

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