Plants and humans use a shared mechanism, the eukaryotic metabolic sensor TARGET OF RAPAMYCIN protein kinase and its substrate, an RNA-binding protein called LARP1, to coordinate post-transcriptional gene expression.
The principle underlying the appearance of the growth plate, an organ responsible for longitudinal growth, has implications for various cartilage pathologies including growth abnormalities in children, trauma and osteoarthritis.
Metabolic activity of the methionine/S-adenosylmethionine cycle is sensed and transcriptionally regulated by a nuclear hormone receptor in Caenorhabditis elegans in order to maintain metabolic homeostasis in a tightly controlled regime.
Protein O-Mannose Kinase enables Like-acetyl-glucosaminyltransferase 1 to elongate matriglycan on α-dystroglycan, thereby allowing matriglycan to function as a scaffold for extracellular matrix proteins and prevent muscular dystrophy.
Mambalgin1 binds to the thumb domain of human ASIC1a channel and inhibits the channel through hindering the proton-induced transitions from the resting closed state to the active and/or desensitized state.
An interdisciplinary approach uncovers a new antinociceptive molecular mechanism and shows that the adhesion GPCR CIRL adjusts the sensation of gentle touch and noxious mechanical insult in opposite directions.
HCO3–-sensitive regulation of endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation by receptor-type tyrosine-protein phosphatase RPTPγ provides a novel mechanism for acid-base-mediated coordination of cerebrovascular perfusion during increased local metabolism and for protection against ischemia.
Upon host cell contact, motile but not non-motile Pseudomonas aeruginosa exhibit a change in their gene expression program that includes the expression of spermidine, which triggers motility-dependent phagocytosis.