1,236 results found
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Advancing biology through a deeper understanding of zebrafish ecology and evolution

    David M Parichy
    The zebrafish is a premier model organism for biomedical research, with a rich array of tools and genomic resources, and combining these with a fuller appreciation of wild zebrafish ecology could greatly extend its utility in biological research.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Calibration and analysis of genome-based models for microbial ecology

    Stilianos Louca, Michael Doebeli
    A novel computation tool for microbial community modeling predicts the evolution and diversification of E. coli in laboratory evolution experiments and gives insight into the underlying metabolic processes.
    1. Ecology

    Research: Ecology in the genomics era of a degraded planet

    Ian T Baldwin
    Modern research in ecology draws upon a wide range of different techniques and can offer fresh insights on how to tackle a range of challenges facing the natural world.
    Editorial
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    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Characterization of small fiber pathology in a mouse model of Fabry disease

    Lukas Hofmann et al.
    Globotriaosylcermide directly impacts neuronal integrity and ion channel function as potential mechanism underlying small fiber pathology in Fabry disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cyclooxygenase-2 inhibition reduces stress-induced affective pathology

    Joyonna Carrie Gamble-George et al.
    Mechanistically distinct COX-2 inhibitors reduce stress-induced behavioral pathology via unique multimodal molecular mechanisms, and could be used to treat mood disorders.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Ecology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: The unexhausted potential of E. coli

    Zachary D Blount
    A better understanding of the remarkable diversity, natural history and complex ecology of E. coli in the wild could shed new light on its biology and role in disease, and further expand its many uses as a model organism.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Ecology and evolution of viruses infecting uncultivated SUP05 bacteria as revealed by single-cell- and meta-genomics

    Simon Roux et al.
    Single-cell amplified genome sequencing uncovers virus-host interactions in uncultivated sulfur-oxidizing bacteria with relevance to coupled biogeochemical cycling in marine oxygen minimum zones.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Ataxin-1 oligomers induce local spread of pathology and decreasing them by passive immunization slows Spinocerebellar ataxia type 1 phenotypes

    Cristian A Lasagna-Reeves et al.
    Building on previous work (Lasagna-Reeves et al., 2015) it is shown that polyglutamine ATXN1 oligomers propagate locally in SCA1 mice, and that passive immunotherapy targeting soluble oligomers can lead to an improvement in motor coordination and a modest increase in life span.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Ecology

    Quantitative 3D-imaging for cell biology and ecology of environmental microbial eukaryotes

    Sebastien Colin et al.
    Three-dimensional fluorescence imaging of microbial eukaryotes in environmental samples allows accurate automated taxonomic profiling and quantitative data about ultrastructures and interactions of organisms.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    FcγRIIb-SHIP2 axis links Aβ to tau pathology by disrupting phosphoinositide metabolism in Alzheimer's disease model

    Tae-In Kam et al.
    By binding to Fc gamma receptor IIb, amyloid beta induces a series of phosphorylation events that mediate the damaging effects of hyperphosphorylated tau proteins in Alzheimer's disease.

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