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    1. Neuroscience

    Cold-induced hyperphagia requires AgRP neuron activation in mice

    Jennifer D Deem et al.
    A combination of neuroscience approaches and indirect calorimetry demonstrate a physiological role for AgRP neurons in cold-induced hyperphagia and strongly suggest temperature is an important regulator of AgRP neuron activity.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A conserved bacterial protein induces pancreatic beta cell expansion during zebrafish development

    Jennifer Hampton Hill et al.
    A previously undescribed protein produced by certain resident intestinal bacteria induces zebrafish pancreatic beta cell expansion.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Tracking interspecies transmission and long-term evolution of an ancient retrovirus using the genomes of modern mammals

    William E Diehl et al.
    Endogenous virus sequences in the genomes of modern mammals reveal the global spread of an ancient virus lineage, including frequent interspecies transmission, adaptation, and emergence spanning several million years of mammalian evolution
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Enhanced stability and polyadenylation of select mRNAs support rapid thermogenesis in the brown fat of a hibernator

    Katharine R Grabek et al.
    In the torpid hibernator, when transcription is inhibited, enhanced stability and polyadenylation explain increased abundance of crucial transcripts required for intense non-shivering thermogenesis during arousal.
    1. Neuroscience

    Alcoholism gender differences in brain responsivity to emotional stimuli

    Kayle S Sawyer et al.
    Neuroimaging shows brain responses to emotional pictures are more diminished in alcoholic men than in alcoholic women, implicating gender-related mechanisms of addiction.
    1. Developmental Biology

    HIPPO signaling resolves embryonic cell fate conflicts during establishment of pluripotency in vivo

    Tristan Frum et al.
    HIPPO signaling antagonizes the apical domain of polarized cells, driving cell internalization, regulated gene expression, and cell fate change during formation of pluripotent stem cell progenitors in the mouse embryo.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Microbial eukaryotes have adapted to hypoxia by horizontal acquisitions of a gene involved in rhodoquinone biosynthesis

    Courtney W Stairs et al.
    A number of microbial eukaryotes have adapted to low oxygen conditions by acquiring a gene that allows their mitochondrial electron transport chain to continue to function when oxygen is scarce.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The need for practical insecticide-resistance guidelines to effectively inform mosquito-borne disease control programs

    Alice Namias et al.
    With standardized insecticide-resistance assays failing to inform mosquito-control efficacy due to genotype-by-environment effects, practical resistance monitoring under relevant local conditions is needed to correlate resistance, mosquito-control efficacy, and disease epidemiology.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    DCC regulates astroglial development essential for telencephalic morphogenesis and corpus callosum formation

    Laura Morcom et al.
    Axon guidance molecules DCC and NTN1 regulate astroglial-mediated interhemispheric remodelling required for corpus callosum formation in humans and mice.
    1. Medicine

    Chitinase 3-like-1 contributes to acetaminophen-induced liver injury by promoting hepatic platelet recruitment

    Zhao Shan et al.
    Chitinase 3-like-1 promotes Kupffer cells to recruit platelets, thereby contributing to liver injury, and serves as a therapeutic target in acetaminophen-induced liver injury.