3,277 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Lipid polarity gradient formed by ω-hydroxy lipids in tear film prevents dry eye disease

    Masatoshi Miyamoto et al.
    (O-Acyl)-ω-hydroxy fatty acids and their derivatives, produced by the fatty acid ω-hydroxylase Cyp4f39, form a lipid polarity gradient in the lipid layer of the tear film and prevent dry eye.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Reversible promoter methylation determines fluctuating expression of acute phase proteins

    Shi-Chao Zhang et al.
    DNA methylation status can be exploited to finely and reversibly tune the expression of highly inducible genes with CpG-poor promoters in response to environmental cues.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An atypical DYRK kinase connects quorum-sensing with posttranscriptional gene regulation in Trypanosoma brucei

    Mathieu Cayla et al.
    A trypanosome DYRK kinase that exhibits fundamental differences to conventional DYRK family regulation links parasite quorum sensing, signal transduction and developmental gene expression.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Increase of circulating IGFBP-4 following genotoxic stress and its implication for senescence

    Nicola Alessio et al.
    Protein IGFBP-4 acts as a genotoxic stress mediator that, entering into circulation after its secretion by senescent cells, could promote further senescence phenomena in non-injured cells thus impairing tissues’ homeostasis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Endogenous siRNAs promote proteostasis and longevity in germline-less Caenorhabditis elegans

    Moran Cohen-Berkman et al.
    Endo-siRNAs slow down the rate of aging and enable the maintenance of a responsive heat shock response in aging germline-less Caenorhabditis elegans.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Nicotinamide mononucleotide adenylyltransferase uses its NAD+ substrate-binding site to chaperone phosphorylated Tau

    Xiaojuan Ma et al.
    Mechanistic insight into the chaperone-like activity of NMNAT to phosphorylated Tau reveals a connection between NAD+metabolism and Tau homeostasis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Targeting mir128-3p alleviates myocardial insulin resistance and prevents ischemia-induced heart failure

    Andrea Ruiz-Velasco et al.
    Targeting mir128-3p could prevent cardiac insulin resistance in the non-infarcted myocardium and limit cardiac injury after myocardial infarction, delaying the development of heart failure.
    1. Neuroscience

    Kainate receptors regulate development of glutamatergic synaptic circuitry in the rodent amygdala

    Maria Ryazantseva et al.
    Glutamatergic projections from basolateral to central amygdala, implicated in neuropsychiatric disorders, develop rapidly during early postnatal period and their development is modulated via endogenously active kainate receptors.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    A loop structure allows TAPBPR to exert its dual function as MHC I chaperone and peptide editor

    Lina Sagert et al.
    A dedicated structural element facilitates chaperone and antigenic peptide selector function of TAP-associated glycoprotein, a major quality assurance auditor in adaptive immunity.

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