281 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Speciation and the developmental alarm clock

    Asher D Cutter, Joanna D Bundus
    Integrating speciation genetics with ontogeny can identify predictable rules in the molecular evolution of developmental pathways and in the accumulation of reproductive isolation as genomes diverge.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The evolutionary origin of bilaterian smooth and striated myocytes

    Thibaut Brunet et al.
    Molecular profiling of annelid myocytes reveals that the last common protostome-deuterostome ancestor already possessed a dual musculature, with visceral smooth muscles ensuring digestion and somatic striated muscles ensuring locomotion.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Subterranean mammals show convergent regression in ocular genes and enhancers, along with adaptation to tunneling

    Raghavendran Partha et al.
    Repeated evolution of eye regression in subterranean mammals helps identify genes and regulatory elements involved in visual perception and development of the eye, and predicts candidate sequences with a potential role in ocular disorders.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolutionary expansion of apical extracellular matrix is required for the elongation of cells in a novel structure

    Sarah Jacquelyn Smith et al.
    A new morphological structure evolved through extreme changes in cell height requires novel connections to an extracellular matrix network, which predates the origin of structure.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Asymmetrical diversification of the receptor-ligand interaction controlling self-incompatibility in Arabidopsis

    Maxime Chantreau et al.
    In-planta ancestral protein resurrection of the female determinant of self-incompatibility specificity in Arabidopsis halleri demonstrates that two allelic variants currently segregating as distinct receptor-ligand combinations diverged through an asymmetrical process.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Whole genome comparison of a large collection of mycobacteriophages reveals a continuum of phage genetic diversity

    Welkin H Pope et al.
    A continuum of genome relationships is discovered through comparative genomics of 627 sequenced mycobacteriophages isolated and characterized in an integrated research/education initiative.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Discovery and characterization of a novel family of prokaryotic nanocompartments involved in sulfur metabolism

    Robert J Nichols et al.
    A protein-bounded organelle-like compartment from Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 is upregulated under sulfur starvation and contains a cysteine desulfurase cargo enzyme.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    IL18 signaling promotes homing of mature Tregs into the thymus

    Cristina Peligero-Cruz et al.
    IL18R+ Tregs constitute a mature thymus-resident population, resistant to thymus involution and endowed with higher capacity to populate the thymus compared to their IL18R or IL18R deficient counterparts.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Developmental variability channels mouse molar evolution

    Luke Hayden et al.
    The nature and extent of developmental variation seen between mouse strains and genetically identical individuals explain why the first upper molar evolves along preferred path in murine rodents.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Two consecutive microtubule-based epithelial seaming events mediate dorsal closure in the scuttle fly Megaselia abdita

    Juan Jose Fraire-Zamora et al.
    Evolutionary reduction in tissue number involves the simplification of the seaming process but not signaling during epithelial fusion.

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