6,681 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Multicellularity: How contraction has shaped evolution

    Mukund Thattai
    Two new unicellular organisms reveal that coordinated contractions of groups of cells using actomyosin predated animal multicellularity during evolution.
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    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Speciation: How predictable is genome evolution?

    Matthew J Coathup et al.
    Similar patterns of genomic divergence have been observed in the evolution of plant species separated by oceans.
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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Severe infections emerge from commensal bacteria by adaptive evolution

    Bernadette C Young et al.
    Life-threatening S. aureus infections emerge from commensal nose bacteria in association with repeatable adaptive evolution.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Intrinsic cooperativity potentiates parallel cis-regulatory evolution

    Trevor R Sorrells et al.
    Cooperativity between two transcription regulators occurs through protein-protein interactions with a general transcription factor complex and potentiates the parallel evolution of their DNA binding sites.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Functional divergence of paralogous transcription factors supported the evolution of biomineralization in echinoderms

    Jian Ming Khor, Charles A Ettensohn
    A gene duplication event has permitted the functional specialization of a homeodomain transcription factor through changes in exon-intron organization and these changes have supported the evolution of a major, phylum-level morphological novelty.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The role of structural pleiotropy and regulatory evolution in the retention of heteromers of paralogs

    Axelle Marchant et al.
    Regulatory evolution allows paralogs to escape from strucural pleiotropy.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Expression noise facilitates the evolution of gene regulation

    Luise Wolf et al.
    In-lab evolution of synthetic promoters has revealed a novel general mechanism for de novo evolution of gene regulation, and highlights the crucial role of expression noise in this process.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    An atomic-resolution view of neofunctionalization in the evolution of apicomplexan lactate dehydrogenases

    Jeffrey I Boucher et al.
    The convergent evolution of unusually strict substrate specificity in apicomplexan LDHs arose by classic neofunctionalization of a duplicated MDH gene via few mutations of large effect.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Stability-mediated epistasis constrains the evolution of an influenza protein

    Lizhi Ian Gong et al.
    Some of the mutations that occur during influenza evolution can only be tolerated in conjunction with other mutations that increase the stability of a viral protein.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Using evolution to generate sustainable malaria control with spatial repellents

    Penelope Anne Lynch, Mike Boots
    The evolution of insecticide-avoidance behaviour can be used to generate new spatial repellents to keep malaria vectors out of homes.

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