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    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Learning is enhanced by tailoring instruction to individual genetic differences

    David G Mets, Michael S Brainard
    Tailoring instructive experience to individual genetic biases improves vocal learning outcomes across genetic backgrounds in the Bengalese finch.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Hemozoin produced by mammals confers heme tolerance

    Rini H Pek et al.
    Heme accumulation is toxic, but deficiency of the heme transporter HRG1/SLC48A1 causes heme sequestration and crystallization into hemozoin within enlarged lysosomes of macrophages, thereby conferring heme tolerance to mammals.
    1. Neuroscience

    RIM is essential for stimulated but not spontaneous somatodendritic dopamine release in the midbrain

    Brooks G Robinson et al.
    Midbrain dopamine neurons use sophisticated secretory machinery to establish specialized sites for action potential-evoked release of dopamine from their cell bodies and dendrites.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Identification of an emphysema-associated genetic variant near TGFB2 with regulatory effects in lung fibroblasts

    Margaret M Parker et al.
    A functional genetic variant, rs1690789, affects susceptibility to emphysema by altering TGFB2 expression in human lung fibroblasts.
    1. Neuroscience

    Elevated synaptic vesicle release probability in synaptophysin/gyrin family quadruple knockouts

    Mathan K Raja et al.
    Synaptophysins and gyrins dampen synaptic strength selectively at low frequencies, hinting that synaptic transmission may play a frequency filtering role in biological computation that is more general than currently envisioned.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    The endonuclease Cue2 cleaves mRNAs at stalled ribosomes during No Go Decay

    Karole N D'Orazio et al.
    Cue2 is an endonuclease that cleaves mRNA in the A site of the lagging ribosome upon ribosome collision events.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Shared behavioral mechanisms underlie C. elegans aggregation and swarming

    Siyu Serena Ding et al.
    Two seemingly distinct behaviors in social C. elegans worms, namely aggregating into groups and swarming over food, are driven by the same underlying mechanisms.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Plasticity of Escherichia coli cell wall metabolism promotes fitness and antibiotic resistance across environmental conditions

    Elizabeth A Mueller et al.
    Environmental specialization of bacterial cell wall synthases influences intrinsic resistance to cell wall active antibiotics.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Dual control of NAD+ synthesis by purine metabolites in yeast

    Benoît Pinson et al.
    Two distinct processes drive coordinated synthesis of purine and pyridine (NAD+) nucleotides in response to AICAR derivatives and ATP.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Ovaries absent links dLsd1 to HP1a for local H3K4 demethylation required for heterochromatic gene silencing

    Fu Yang et al.
    A Drosophila fertility gene is identified that acts as a linker between HP1a and local H3K4 demethylation during HP1a-mediated gene silencing that is required for ovary development and transposon silencing..