578 results found
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Stem cells and fluid flow drive cyst formation in an invertebrate excretory organ

    Hanh Thi-Kim Vu et al.
    Planarians provide evidence for a common evolutionary origin of vertebrate and invertebrate excretory systems and provide a novel experimental model to study human kidney diseases.
    1. Cell Biology

    Splicing variation of BMP2K balances abundance of COPII assemblies and autophagic degradation in erythroid cells

    Jaroslaw Cendrowski et al.
    Erythroid-enriched BMP2K kinase, in addition to its predicted function in endocytosis, regulates distribution and abundance of COPII assemblies and autophagic degradation through opposing actions of its two splicing variants.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    A bioengineered niche promotes in vivo engraftment and maturation of pluripotent stem cell derived human lung organoids

    Briana R Dye et al.
    Building on previous work (Dye et al., 2015) showing that pluripotent stem cell derived lung organoids were immature/fetal, the current study shows that in vivo transplantation leads to mature tissue, reminiscent of adult airways.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    A minimal self-organisation model of the Golgi apparatus

    Quentin Vagne et al.
    An unbiased model for the self-organisation of the Golgi apparatus displays either anterograde vesicular transport or cisternal maturation depending on ratios of budding, fusion and biochemical conversion rates.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Asynchrony between virus diversity and antibody selection limits influenza virus evolution

    Dylan H Morris et al.
    Despite the virus' error prone polymerase, influenza virus antigenic evolution is rare, even in previously immune hosts, virus replication occurs before producing new antibodies.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Chromerid genomes reveal the evolutionary path from photosynthetic algae to obligate intracellular parasites

    Yong H Woo et al.
    Analysis of chromerid algal genomes reveals how apicomplexans have evolved from free-living algae into successful eukaryotic parasites via massive losses and re-inventing functional roles of genes.
    1. Cell Biology

    The proteasome biogenesis regulator Rpn4 cooperates with the unfolded protein response to promote ER stress resistance

    Rolf M Schmidt et al.
    Endoplasmic reticulum stress in yeast activates not only the UPR but also Rpn4, promoting the clearance of misfolded proteins from the cytosol as part of a modular cross-compartment stress response.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Key steps in unconventional secretion of fibroblast growth factor 2 reconstituted with purified components

    Julia P Steringer et al.
    The first reconstitution of an unconventional secretory mechanism uncovered the molecular mechanism by which Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 is secreted from mammalian cells.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Radical and lunatic fringes modulate notch ligands to support mammalian intestinal homeostasis

    Preetish Kadur Lakshminarasimha Murthy et al.
    Fringe proteins regulate Notch pathway differentially in the stem cell zone and progenitor compartment of the mouse intestinal epithelium to promote homeostasis.
    1. Cell Biology

    Quantitative glycoproteomics reveals cellular substrate selectivity of the ER protein quality control sensors UGGT1 and UGGT2

    Benjamin M Adams et al.
    Natural substrates of the central endoplasmic reticulum quality control glycoprotein sensors UDP-glucose:glycoproteinglucosyltransferase (UGGT)1 and UGGT2 were identified using a glycoproteomics approach and the role for their modification was explored.

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