751 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    The recycling endosome protein Rab25 coordinates collective cell movements in the zebrafish surface epithelium

    Patrick Morley Willoughby et al.
    Rab25a and Rab25b mutant embryos exhibit epithelial spreading delays during morphogenesis and are characterized by cytokinesis defects leading to cell fusions, heterogeneous epithelial cell sizes, and reduced cortical actomyosin contractility.
    1. Cell Biology

    Disparate bone anabolic cues activate bone formation by regulating the rapid lysosomal degradation of sclerostin protein

    Nicole R Gould et al.
    Mechanical loading and the bone anabolic action of parathyroid hormone result in rapid, lysosomal degradation of sclerostin protein, revealing physiologically important post-translational control of this critical regulator of bone formation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Properties of multivesicular release from mouse rod photoreceptors support transmission of single-photon responses

    Cassandra L Hays et al.
    To improve the reliability of transmitting small single-photon voltage responses, rod photoreceptor cells release synaptic vesicles in regularly timed multivesicular events that are exquisitely sensitive to small voltage changes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Time-resolved phosphoproteomics reveals scaffolding and catalysis-responsive patterns of SHP2-dependent signaling

    Vidyasiri Vemulapalli et al.
    Monitoring SHP2 phosphoproteome dynamics identifies new substrate sites and sites protected from dephosphorylation by its SH2 domains, highlighting distinct scaffolding and catalytic activities in effecting a transmembrane signaling response.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Systematic functional analysis of rab GTPases reveals limits of neuronal robustness to environmental challenges in flies

    Friederike E Kohrs et al.
    The first complete null mutant collection of all rab GTPase genes in a multicellular organism uncovers neuronal development and function sensitive to environmental challenges in Drosophila.
    1. Medicine

    Parathyroid hormone attenuates osteoarthritis pain by remodeling subchondral bone in mice

    Qi Sun et al.
    Parathyroid hormone attenuates osteoarthritis pain and joint degeneration by modification of subchondral bone remodeling and could be a potential disease-modifying therapy for osteoarthritis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synaptotagmin-7 places dense-core vesicles at the cell membrane to promote Munc13-2- and Ca2+-dependent priming

    Bassam Tawfik et al.
    Synaptotagmin-7 acts synergistically with synaptotagmin-1 by placing vesicles close to the plasma membrane within reach of the SNARE/Munc13-complex, supporting their priming and setting the stage for fast and slow fusion.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    SABRE populates ER domains essential for cell plate maturation and cell expansion influencing cell and tissue patterning

    Xiaohang Cheng, Magdalena Bezanilla
    SABRE, which is present in a wide range of eukaryotes, localizes to ER subdomains in plants, impacting cell expansion and callose deposition during cell plate maturation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Genetic disruption of WASHC4 drives endo-lysosomal dysfunction and cognitive-movement impairments in mice and humans

    Jamie L Courtland et al.
    Cellular etiology of a human WASH complex mutation in mice reveals its specific roles in neuronal organelle trafficking and a surprising role in motor impairments.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sushi domain-containing protein 4 controls synaptic plasticity and motor learning

    Inés González-Calvo et al.
    SUSD4 loss-of-function induces misregulation of GLUA2 degradation and of synaptic plasticity suggesting a mechanism for its potential contribution to neurodevelopmental disorders.

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