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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Fusion pore regulation by cAMP/Epac2 controls cargo release during insulin exocytosis

    Alenka Guček et al.
    Live cell imaging shows that the cAMP-sensor Epac2, a target of major antidiabetic drugs, is central to fusion pore control during insulin granule exocytosis.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Massive palmitoylation-dependent endocytosis during reoxygenation of anoxic cardiac muscle

    Mei-Jung Lin et al.
    Reoxygenation of anoxic cardiac tissue promotes massive endocytosis that is triggered by release of coenzymeA from mitochondria, followed by palmitoylation of membrane proteins, sarcolemma vesiculation, and transfer of sarolemma vesicles to large endosomes and vacuoles.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Requirement of Smurf-mediated endocytosis of Patched1 in sonic hedgehog signal reception

    Shen Yue et al.
    Smurf1 and Smurf2 have essential functions in the mammalian Shh signaling pathway, binding to and ubiquitylating Patched1, leading to its endocytosis and subsequent degradation in lysosomes.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Massive endocytosis triggered by surface membrane palmitoylation under mitochondrial control in BHK fibroblasts

    Donald W Hilgemann et al.
    Mitochondria can trigger massive endocytosis by releasing coenzyme A into the cytoplasm and thereby promoting the addition of fatty acids to surface membrane proteins.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate optical uncaging potentiates exocytosis

    Alexander M Walter et al.
    Increasing PI(4,5)P2 on a sub-second timescale using a novel, membrane-permeant UV activatable PI(4,5)P2 molecule augments exocytosis which requires the PI(4,5)P2 interacting exocytotic proteins Munc13-2 and synaptotagmin-1.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Neuroscience: Endocytosis gets in tune with action potential bursts

    Melissa A Herman, Christian Rosenmund
    Insight
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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A dynamin 1-, dynamin 3- and clathrin-independent pathway of synaptic vesicle recycling mediated by bulk endocytosis

    Yumei Wu et al.
    Analysis of neurons that lack the two neuronal dynamins, dynamin 1 and 3, demonstrates a pathway of synaptic vesicle reformation that does not require these two dynamins or clathrin-dependent budding.
    1. Cell Biology

    Epsin deficiency impairs endocytosis by stalling the actin-dependent invagination of endocytic clathrin-coated pits

    Mirko Messa et al.
    Epsin has a key role in the coupling of actin to endocytic clathrin coated pits that is required for their maturation and helps capture SNAREs at endocytic clathrin coated pits.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optical detection of three modes of endocytosis at hippocampal synapses

    Natali L Chanaday, Ege T Kavalali
    Single synaptic vesicle imaging shows that kinetically distinct endocytic pathways are differentially regulated by calcium and temperature, and influence the fidelity of synaptic vesicle protein retrieval.