219 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    RNA structures that resist degradation by Xrn1 produce a pathogenic Dengue virus RNA

    Erich G Chapman et al.
    The Dengue virus contains discretely folded RNA structures that confer the ability to resist a powerful host cell enzyme and produce a disease-inducing noncoding RNA.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Ecology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: The unexhausted potential of E. coli

    Zachary D Blount
    A better understanding of the remarkable diversity, natural history and complex ecology of E. coli in the wild could shed new light on its biology and role in disease, and further expand its many uses as a model organism.
    1. Ecology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Emerging Technology: Concerning RNA-guided gene drives for the alteration of wild populations

    Kevin M Esvelt et al.
    Combining CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing with gene drives may enable scientists to reversibly edit the genomes of diverse wild populations, an advance that could help eliminate diseases, support sustainable agriculture, and control invasive species.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Inter-Fork Strand Annealing causes genomic deletions during the termination of DNA replication

    Carl A Morrow et al.
    The discovery of a mechanism that causes DNA deletions during non-canonical DNA replication termination is described.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Functional and mutational landscapes of BRCA1 for homology-directed repair and therapy resistance

    Rachel W Anantha et al.
    Systematic analyses of natural variants and artificial mutants establish functional landscapes of BRCA1 for homology-directed repair (HDR) and therapy resistance and identify the BRCA1-PALB2 interaction as a key control point for HDR pathway choice.
    1. Neuroscience

    Physiological and pathophysiological control of synaptic GluN2B-NMDA receptors by the C-terminal domain of amyloid precursor protein

    Paula A Pousinha et al.
    The APP intracellular domain (AICD) physiologically regulates synaptic GluN2B-containing NMDA receptor current, a process that could contribute to pathological Alzheimer's disease-related synaptic failure upon increase of AICD levels in adult neurons.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Cap-proximal nucleotides via differential eIF4E binding and alternative promoter usage mediate translational response to energy stress

    Ana Tamarkin-Ben-Harush et al.
    Differential eIF4E binding to transcription initiation nucleotides and alternative promoter usage of eIF1A, PABP and other genes are involved in the response of the translation machinery to energy stress.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Diverse fates of uracilated HIV-1 DNA during infection of myeloid lineage cells

    Erik C Hansen et al.
    Uracil/adenine base pairs in HIV-1 DNA are attacked by the uracil base excision repair machinery in macrophages, which leads to HIV restriction and viral genome diversification by transcription-associated mutagenesis.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Genomic DNA transposition induced by human PGBD5

    Anton G Henssen et al.
    The human PGBD5 gene encodes an active DNA transposase.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    Viral-inducible Argonaute18 confers broad-spectrum virus resistance in rice by sequestering a host microRNA

    Jianguo Wu et al.
    The cooperative antiviral activity of two distinct AGO proteins could be exploited to provide a new strategy for controlling viral diseases in rice.

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