775 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Role of the visual experience-dependent nascent proteome in neuronal plasticity

    Han-Hsuan Liu et al.
    A screen of visual-experience induced changes in newly-synthesized proteins in Xenopus optic tectum identifies unexpected candidate plasticity proteins.
    1. Neuroscience

    Development of schemas revealed by prior experience and NMDA receptor knock-out

    George Dragoi, Susumu Tonegawa
    Novel spatial representations by hippocampal cellular assemblies develop on the framework of preconfigured hippocampal networks whose homeostatic synaptic reorganization is accelerated by prior experience and CA3 NMDAR-dependent plasticity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning prediction error neurons in a canonical interneuron circuit

    Loreen Hertäg, Henning Sprekeler
    The formation and refinement of prediction error circuits relies on an experience-dependent balance of excitation and inhibition in canonical microcircuits.
    1. Neuroscience

    Role of matrix metalloproteinase-9 in neurodevelopmental deficits and experience-dependent plasticity in Xenopus laevis

    Sayali V Gore et al.
    Chronic dysregulation of matrix-metalloproteinase 9, which is associated with some neurodevelopmental disorders, leads to local hyperconnectivity in the developing brain, resulting in altered sensory processing and increased seizure susceptibility.
    1. Neuroscience

    CCR5 is a suppressor for cortical plasticity and hippocampal learning and memory

    Miou Zhou et al.
    Repression of the G protein-coupled chemokine receptor CCR5 enhances MAPK/CREB signaling, long-term potentiation, somatosensory cortical plasticity, and learning and memory, while CCR5 over-activation by viral proteins may contribute to HIV-associated cognitive deficits.
    1. Neuroscience

    NPAS4 recruits CCK basket cell synapses and enhances cannabinoid-sensitive inhibition in the mouse hippocampus

    Andrea L Hartzell et al.
    Behaviorally-driven expression of the immediate early gene transcription factor NPAS4 changes local circuit connectivity and short-term plasticity by selectively recruiting CCK basket cell synapses to pyramidal neuron somas.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rem2 stabilizes intrinsic excitability and spontaneous firing in visual circuits

    Anna R Moore et al.
    In vivo and ex vivo analysis of the activity-regulated gene Rem2 in the mouse visual system sheds new light on the contribution of intrinsic excitability in circuit plasticity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Repeated social defeat stress enhances glutamatergic synaptic plasticity in the VTA and cocaine place conditioning

    Claire E Stelly et al.
    Enhanced glutamatergic synaptic plasticity in mesolimbic dopaminergic neurons may contribute to repeatedly stressed rats becoming more vulnerable to addiction.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Somatic aging pathways regulate reproductive plasticity in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Maria C Ow et al.
    Somatic aging and germline RNAi pathways promote inheritance of ancestral starvation memory through reallocation of fat storage in Caenorhabditis elegans.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    High neural activity accelerates the decline of cognitive plasticity with age in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Qiaochu Li et al.
    Chronic excitation of the Caenorhabditis elegans oxygen-sensing neurons alters calcium homeostasis to accelerate the decline of neural plasticity with age.

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