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    1. Neuroscience

    A machine-vision approach for automated pain measurement at millisecond timescales

    Jessica M Jones et al.
    Development of a fully automated pain scale using machine learning tools in computational neuroethology and creation of new software, reveals a robust circuit-dissection compatible platform for objective pain measurement.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional clustering of dendritic activity during decision-making

    Aaron Kerlin et al.
    In motor cortex pyramidal neurons, diverse task-related signals are distributed throughout the dendritic arbor and compartmentalized by dendritic distance and branching.
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning-related population dynamics in the auditory thalamus

    Ariel Gilad et al.
    The auditory thalamus encodes higher-order information that emerges while learning an auditory discrimination task.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Junction Mapper is a novel computer vision tool to decipher cell–cell contact phenotypes

    Helena Brezovjakova et al.
    Junction Mapper is a powerful new semi-automated software that provides a fingerprint of cell–cell contact morphometry and receptor density alterations.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Length-dependent disassembly maintains four different flagellar lengths in Giardia

    Shane G McInally et al.
    Giardia, a multi-ciliated parasitic protist, maintains four different flagellar lengths by balancing flagellar length-independent IFT-mediated assembly with length-dependent kinesin-13 mediated disassembly.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Deep learning models predict regulatory variants in pancreatic islets and refine type 2 diabetes association signals

    Agata Wesolowska-Andersen et al.
    Combination of deep learning models trained on tissue-specific genomic data and fine-mapping approaches supports efforts to identify causal variants and mechanisms at GWAS loci.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Distinct roles for S. cerevisiae H2A copies in recombination and repeat stability, with a role for H2A.1 threonine 126

    Nealia CM House et al.
    Despite differing by only one amino acid in the C-terminal tail, copy 1 of yeast histone 2A has a repair-specific role not shared by copy 2.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Asymmetrical diversification of the receptor-ligand interaction controlling self-incompatibility in Arabidopsis

    Maxime Chantreau et al.
    In-planta ancestral protein resurrection of the female determinant of self-incompatibility specificity in Arabidopsis halleri demonstrates that two allelic variants currently segregating as distinct receptor-ligand combinations diverged through an asymmetrical process.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Extensive intraspecies cryptic variation in an ancient embryonic gene regulatory network

    Yamila N Torres Cleuren et al.
    Quantitative genetic analyses reveal remarkably broad genetic variation underlies the requirement for two critical regulatory inputs into a core embryonic gene regulatory network within one animal species.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A de novo evolved gene in the house mouse regulates female pregnancy cycles

    Chen Xie et al.
    A female specifically expressed new protein-coding gene that has emerged out of non-coding sequences without detectable signatures of adaptive evolution affects female pregnancy cycles.