200 results found
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    The biomechanical role of extra-axonemal structures in shaping the flagellar beat of Euglena gracilis

    Giancarlo Cicconofri et al.
    The 'spinning lasso' geometry of Euglena's beating flagellum is revealed, and a model based on the antagonistic forces exchanged by axoneme and paraflagellar rod is proposed to explain its emergence.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cryo electron tomography with volta phase plate reveals novel structural foundations of the 96-nm axonemal repeat in the pathogen Trypanosoma brucei

    Simon Imhof et al.
    Cryo electron tomography provides the first high-resolution 3D axoneme structure from any pathogenic organism, revealing novel structures that support the unique motility of these pathogens through host tissues.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Expression of WIPI2B counteracts age-related decline in autophagosome biogenesis in neurons

    Andrea KH Stavoe et al.
    The dynamic phosphorylation of autophagy component WIPI2B is critical to maintain autophagosome biogenesis in neurons, and ectopic expression of WIPI2B can restore rates of autophagosome biogenesis in aged neurons.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Modelling the emergence of whisker barrels

    Sebastian S James et al.
    Whisker barrels provide clues about neocortical development, as computer modelling shows that barrels can self-organize, based on competition between adjacent thalamocortical axons, suggesting that genetic instruction plays a secondary role.
    1. Neuroscience

    Disynaptic cerebrocerebellar pathways originating from multiple functionally distinct cortical areas

    Julia U Henschke, Janelle MP Pakan
    Anatomical projections from sensory, motor, and association cortex to the cerebellum are precisely mapped, including cortical-precerebellar connections and terminal organization, providing insight into how the cerebellum may utilize cortical information.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Axon tension regulates fasciculation/defasciculation through the control of axon shaft zippering

    Daniel Šmít et al.
    Competition between adhesive and tensile forces regulates axon fasciculation, thus introducing a new role of mechanical tension in the development of neural networks.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional specification of CCK+ interneurons by alternative isoforms of Kv4.3 auxiliary subunits

    Viktor János Oláh et al.
    Single cell RNA, protein and electrophysiology data revealed that combinatorial availability of three auxiliary subunit isoforms of a single ion channel is sufficient for generating distinct, input frequency-sensitive firing phenotypes.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Flagella: A new kind of beat

    Kirsty Y Wan
    New mathematical model reveals how the flagella of some single-celled algae generate a lasso-like beat pattern that propels the cell through water.
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    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Bi-channel image registration and deep-learning segmentation (BIRDS) for efficient, versatile 3D mapping of mouse brain

    Xuechun Wang et al.
    A dual-channel image registration pipeline combined with deep-learning inference achieves accurate-and-flexible registration/segmentation/mapping of mouse brain.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Coordinated crosstalk between microtubules and actin by a spectraplakin regulates lumen formation and branching

    Delia Ricolo, Sofia J Araujo
    Lumen formation by single epithelial cells depends on FGF-signalling-dependent expression of a spectraplakin, which can be functionally replaced by Tau.

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