2,443 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    BK channel inhibition by strong extracellular acidification

    Yu Zhou et al.
    Analysis of iconic and gating currents of wild type and mutated BK channels reveals a strong inhibition of this channel by extracellular acidification and elucidates the underlying mechanism that is potentially applicable to other voltage-dependent cation channels.
    1. Neuroscience

    Two single-point mutations shift the ligand selectivity of a pheromone receptor between two closely related moth species

    Ke Yang et al.
    Differing from its ortholog in Helicoverpa armigera, pheromone receptor HassOr14b is tuned to the major sex pheromone component in H. assulta, and two amino acids in the intracellular domain determine their ligand selectivity.
    1. Cell Biology

    Cell Biology: Molecular clue links bacteria to the origin of animals

    Michael G Hadfield
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    1. Neuroscience

    Acute intermittent hypoxia enhances corticospinal synaptic plasticity in humans

    Lasse Christiansen et al.
    Acute intermittent hypoxia is a noninvasive approach that enhances corticospinal function in humans, likely through alterations in corticospinal-motoneuronal synaptic transmission.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    O-GlcNAc on NOTCH1 EGF repeats regulates ligand-induced Notch signaling and vascular development in mammals

    Shogo Sawaguchi et al.
    The transfer of O-GlcNAc by EOGT to specific EGF repeats of NOTCH1 promotes DLL4 binding, Notch signaling, and retinal vascular development.
    1. Cell Biology

    Ragulator and GATOR1 complexes promote fission yeast growth by attenuating TOR complex 1 through Rag GTPases

    Kim Hou Chia et al.
    The Rag-family GTPases, known activators of TOR complex 1 (TORC1), also function as attenuator that prevents deregulated hyperactivation of TORC1 signaling.
    1. Cell Biology

    The fibronectin synergy site re-enforces cell adhesion and mediates a crosstalk between integrin classes

    Maria Benito-Jardón et al.
    The fibronectin synergy site is only required in vivo when forces exceed or αvβ3 integrin levels fall below certain thresholds.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Proteasome storage granules protect proteasomes from autophagic degradation upon carbon starvation

    Richard S Marshall, Richard D Vierstra
    Proteasomes are protected from autophagic elimination upon carbon starvation by sequestration into cytoplasmic storage granules, which aid cell fitness by providing a cache of proteasomes that can be rapidly remobilized when carbon availability improves.

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