3,041 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Two central pattern generators from the crab, Cancer borealis, respond robustly and differentially to extreme extracellular pH

    Jessica A Haley et al.
    The rhythms generated by the stomatogastric and cardiac ganglia of the Jonah crab are surprisingly robust but differentially sensitive to acute changes in extracellular pH from pH 5.5 to 10.4.
    1. Neuroscience

    Experience-dependent shaping of hippocampal CA1 intracellular activity in novel and familiar environments

    Jeremy D Cohen et al.
    Comparison of the intracellular activity of hippocampal neurons in novel and familiar environments reveals experience-dependent changes in inputs underlying the formation of stable representations of space.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Inverted formin 2 regulates intracellular trafficking, placentation, and pregnancy outcome

    Katherine Young Bezold Lamm et al.
    Loss of Inverted Formin-2 impairs intracellular trafficking and trophoblast invasion, resulting in maternal hypertension and intrauterine growth restriction, which represents a novel model of impaired placental invasion that encompasses critical aspects of the great obstetrical syndromes.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Extracellular interactions and ligand degradation shape the nodal morphogen gradient

    Yin Wang et al.
    Diffusivity, extracellular interactions of Nodal ligands with the receptors and inhibitors, and selective ligand destruction collectively shape the Nodal morphogen gradient.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Na+ influx via Orai1 inhibits intracellular ATP-induced mTORC2 signaling to disrupt CD4 T cell gene expression and differentiation

    Yong Miao et al.
    Non-specific sodium entry inhibits T cell receptor induced gene expression and differentiation of T cells by depleting intracellular ATP and disrupting mTORC2 dependent signalling axis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct roles for extracellular and intracellular domains in neuroligin function at inhibitory synapses

    Quynh-Anh Nguyen et al.
    Electrophysiological recordings reveal domains within the extracellular and intracellular region of neuroligin important for specifying and carrying out its function at inhibitory synapses respectively.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Mechanical force regulates tendon extracellular matrix organization and tenocyte morphogenesis through TGFbeta signaling

    Arul Subramanian et al.
    Perturbation of mechanical force at muscle attachments and its effects on tendon morphogenesis provides insights into the mechanisms underlying cellular responses to tensional force and resulting extracellular matrix production.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Modularity and determinants of a (bi-)polarization control system from free-living and obligate intracellular bacteria

    Matthieu Bergé et al.
    Common ancestries, activities and structural determinants of a modular (bi-)polarization control system encoded in free-living and obligate intracellular α-proteobacteria, including the rickettsial pathogens, are described.
    1. Plant Biology

    A lectin receptor kinase as a potential sensor for extracellular nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide in Arabidopsis thaliana

    Chenggang Wang et al.
    Genetic and biochemical analyses demonstrate that cell-surface lectin receptors can potentially function as extracellular NAD+-binding receptors and provide direct evidence for extracellular NAD+ being a bona fide endogenous signaling molecule in plants.
    1. Ecology

    A SLC4 family bicarbonate transporter is critical for intracellular pH regulation and biomineralization in sea urchin embryos

    Marian Y Hu et al.
    Cellular carbon accumulation systems are a fundamental prerequisite for biomineralization to stabilize pH and to supply inorganic carbon for CaCO3 precipitation under changing environmental conditions.

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