1,548 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Extracellular space preservation aids the connectomic analysis of neural circuits

    Marta Pallotto et al.
    Automated segmentation of neurons and identification of synapses in electron micrographs is significantly improved by using simple modifications to chemical fixation protocols that preserve extracellular space in the brain.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Purinergic signaling in cochlear supporting cells reduces hair cell excitability by increasing the extracellular space

    Travis A Babola et al.
    Supporting cells in the cochlea change their shape in response to purinergic receptor activation, which influences hair cell excitability by altering potassium redistribution in the extracellular space.
    1. Neuroscience

    Test of the 'glymphatic' hypothesis demonstrates diffusive and aquaporin-4-independent solute transport in rodent brain parenchyma

    Alex J Smith et al.
    Solute movement in brain extracellular space is determined by solute diffusion, and does not depend on convection or aquaporin-4 expression as predicted by the glymphatic mechanism.
    1. Neuroscience

    Experience-dependent shaping of hippocampal CA1 intracellular activity in novel and familiar environments

    Jeremy D Cohen et al.
    Comparison of the intracellular activity of hippocampal neurons in novel and familiar environments reveals experience-dependent changes in inputs underlying the formation of stable representations of space.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Cell-sized confinement controls generation and stability of a protein wave for spatiotemporal regulation in cells

    Shunshi Kohyama et al.
    A cell-sized fully confined space significantly controls the emergence and stability of a protein wave, resulting in intracellular spatiotemporal regulation driven by a reaction-diffusion mechanism.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Biofilms: Take my breath away

    Vinai C Thomas, Paul D Fey
    A lack of oxygen activates a pathway that causes the bacterial cell wall to break down, which, in turn, aids bacterial biofilm development.
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    1. Developmental Biology

    Patterning and Axis Formation: Heterodimers reign in the embryo

    Benjamin Tajer, Mary C Mullins
    Experiments by three independent groups on zebrafish have clarified the role of two signaling factors, Nodal and Gdf3, during the early stages of development.
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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Science Forum: The Human Cell Atlas

    Aviv Regev et al.
    Advances in techniques for analysing single cells and tissues have inspired an international effort to create comprehensive reference maps of all human cells - the fundamental units of life - as a basis for both understanding human health and diagnosing, monitoring and treating disease.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Biofilms: Flipping the switch

    Xavier Pierrat, Alexandre Persat
    A structural switch controls the architecture of Vibrio cholerae biofilms by mediating the interactions between two matrix components.
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    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Tissue Engineering: Muscling in on the third dimension

    Mohsen Afshar Bakooshli, Penney M Gilbert
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