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    1. Developmental Biology

    Mononuclear diploid cardiomyocytes support neonatal mouse heart regeneration in response to paracrine IGF2 signaling

    Hua Shen et al.
    Neonatal mouse heart regeneration relies on the presence of mononuclear diploid cardiomyocytes, which unites this process with embryonic heart growth and adult heart regeneration.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tumors attenuating the mitochondrial activity in T cells escape from PD-1 blockade therapy

    Alok Kumar et al.
    Downregulation of mitochondrial activity by immunosuppressive tumor-derived soluble factors leads to systemic unresponsiveness to the PD-1 blockade therapy.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Extracellular matrix-inducing Sox9 promotes both basal progenitor proliferation and gliogenesis in developing neocortex

    Ayse Güven et al.
    Transcription factor Sox9 has an important role in neocortex expansion, where its expression in basal progenitors increases proliferation, induces premature gliogenesis and promotes the expression of extracellular matrix components.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spatiotemporal patterns of neocortical activity around hippocampal sharp-wave ripples

    J Karimi Abadchi et al.
    The hippocampus and neocortex engage in waves of mutual excitation wherein a sharp wave-ripple may occur at any time before, during or after the peak of the hippocampal-neocortical activation.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Sperm chemotaxis is driven by the slope of the chemoattractant concentration field

    Héctor Vicente Ramírez-Gómez et al.
    The slope of the chemoattractant concentration gradient is a driving force for sperm chemotaxis, by coordinating the entrainment of information flow between sensing, signaling and motility.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Rejuvenating conventional dendritic cells and T follicular helper cell formation after vaccination

    Marisa Stebegg et al.
    Older individuals have impaired conventional dendritic cell and T follicular helper cell formation upon vaccination, which can be rescued by treatment with a TLR7 agonist.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Site-directed MT1-MMP trafficking and surface insertion regulate AChR clustering and remodeling at developing NMJs

    Zora Chui-Kuen Chan et al.
    Postsynaptic MT1-MMP serves as a molecular switch to synaptogenesis by clearing the surrounding ECM environment that allows effective deposition of nerve-derived synaptogenic factors to induce postsynaptic differentiation at developing NMJs.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The guide sRNA sequence determines the activity level of box C/D RNPs

    Andrea Graziadei et al.
    Integrative structural biology reveals a conformational equilibrium in the Box C/D methylation enzyme that regulates the extent of site-specific 2'-O-rRNA methylation in dependence of the RNA sequence.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Selectivity to approaching motion in retinal inputs to the dorsal visual pathway

    Todd R Appleby, Michael B Manookin
    Cells in the primate retina show unexpected sensitivity to approaching motion and optical flow.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Structure-based discovery of potent and selective melatonin receptor agonists

    Nilkanth Patel et al.
    Large scale virtual screening using recently solved structures of Melatonin receptors yield discovery of 10 new high-affinity selective agonists, also revealing novel functional features, including biased signaling at Melatonin receptors.