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    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    MAPK activity dynamics regulate non-cell autonomous effects of oncogene expression

    Timothy J Aikin et al.
    The temporal patterns of MAPK activity differentially regulate cell autonomous and non-cell autonomous effects of oncogene expression.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    miRNA profile is altered in a modified EAE mouse model of multiple sclerosis featuring cortical lesions

    Nicola S Orefice et al.
    A novel EAE model featuring cortical lesions and an autoimmune heterogeneity, two key parameters missing in the classical model, allows for insights in disease pathogenesis.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    ZCWPW1 is recruited to recombination hotspots by PRDM9 and is essential for meiotic double strand break repair

    Daniel Wells et al.
    ZCWPW1 has co-evolved with PRDM9, in particular the PRDM9-SET domain, and although not involved in PRDM9's role in positioning recombination events, it is required for PRDM9's role in pairing chromosomes.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Efficient coding of natural scene statistics predicts discrimination thresholds for grayscale textures

    Tiberiu Tesileanu et al.
    An optimization principle allows natural-image data to predict human sensitivity to synthetic, un-natural textures with multiple gray levels.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Social interactions drive efficient foraging and income equality in groups of fish

    Roy Harpaz, Elad Schneidman
    Analysis and modeling of group behavior of adult zebrafish shows that a specialized social interaction mechanism increases foraging efficiency and equality within groups, under a variety of environmental conditions.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis for histone variant H3tK27me3 recognition by PHF1 and PHF19

    Cheng Dong et al.
    Complex structures of Tudor domains of PHF1/19 with H3tK27me3 provide structural basis for preferential recognition of H3tK27me3 over canonical H3K27me3, implicating that H3tK27me3 might be a physiological ligand of PHF1/19.
    1. Neuroscience

    Efficient sampling and noisy decisions

    Joseph A Heng et al.
    An efficient coding theory for higher-level cognitive processes reveals that humans efficiently adapt to contextual distributions by economizing on environmental prior information.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Transport of DNA within cohesin involves clamping on top of engaged heads by Scc2 and entrapment within the ring by Scc3

    James E Collier et al.
    Rigorous biochemical and structural analyses reveal the precise topology of cohesin's association with DNA and suggest a mechanism for how DNA is transported inside the ring.
    1. Ecology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Transmission of West Nile and five other temperate mosquito-borne viruses peaks at temperatures between 23°C and 26°C

    Marta S Shocket et al.
    Mechanistic, trait-based models for transmission of West Nile virus and observed incidence of human West Nile disease cases in the US both show optimal transmission at 24-25°C.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Erasable labeling of neuronal activity using a reversible calcium marker

    Fern Sha et al.
    Protein engineering of a reversibly switchable fluorescent protein enables post-hoc reversible and repeatable marking of elevated calcium concentrations using blue light.