4,535 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Subterranean mammals show convergent regression in ocular genes and enhancers, along with adaptation to tunneling

    Raghavendran Partha et al.
    Repeated evolution of eye regression in subterranean mammals helps identify genes and regulatory elements involved in visual perception and development of the eye, and predicts candidate sequences with a potential role in ocular disorders.
    1. Neuroscience

    Human foveal cone photoreceptor topography and its dependence on eye length

    Yiyi Wang et al.
    Despite evidence of retinal stretching with eye growth, cone photoreceptor sampling density in the foveal center of humans actually increases with eye length.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    An unexpected INAD PDZ tandem-mediated plcβ binding in Drosophila photo receptors

    Fei Ye et al.
    Biochemical and structural studies uncover an unexpected mode of interaction, with unprecedented high affinity, between INAD scaffold and NORPA that is critical for Drosophila compound eye photo-transduction.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Proteotoxicity from aberrant ribosome biogenesis compromises cell fitness

    Blake W Tye et al.
    Rapidly proliferating cells are at risk of compromised cell fitness due to proteostasis collapse from perturbations that interfere with ribosome biogenesis.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Phylogenomics of white-eyes, a ‘great speciator’, reveals Indonesian archipelago as the center of lineage diversity

    Chyi Yin Gwee et al.
    Contrary to the high absolute number of white-eyes in other parts of the world, the Indonesian archipelago is the center of phylogenetic diversity of this great speciator.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Bumblebee visual allometry results in locally improved resolution and globally improved sensitivity

    Gavin J Taylor et al.
    Bigger bumblebee eyes have better vision, yet their field of view, sensitivity, and resolution do not all simply scale up with eye size, being improved locally instead.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Mouse retinal cell behaviour in space and time using light sheet fluorescence microscopy

    Claudia Prahst et al.
    Improved 3D and 4D imaging of neurovascular processes across scales reveals new insights into eye disease mouse models and shows retinal vessels are significantly distorted using standard flat-mount confocal imaging.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Imaging single-cell blood flow in the smallest to largest vessels in the living retina

    Aby Joseph et al.
    By using a specialized camera that corrects for eye blur, millions of single-blood-cells are imaged, and their speed measured, as they travel through the largest-to-smallest vessels of the retina.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Detailed analysis of chick optic fissure closure reveals Netrin-1 as an essential mediator of epithelial fusion

    Holly Hardy et al.
    Chick optic fissure closure is a powerful new model system for epithelial fusion and has revealed Netrin-1 as a conserved and essential mediator of tissue fusion in multiple contexts.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Compensatory growth renders Tcf7l1a dispensable for eye formation despite its requirement in eye field specification

    Rodrigo M Young et al.
    Disruptions to eye field size have little impact on final eye size due to tissue compensatory mechanisms.

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