69 results found
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Ezrin enrichment on curved membranes requires a specific conformation or interaction with a curvature-sensitive partner

    Feng-Ching Tsai et al.
    Ezrin, an important actin-membrane linker, can zip adjacent membranes, be enriched to positively-curved membranes when phosphorylated and to negatively-curved membranes through a direct interaction with membrane curvature sensor I-BAR domain proteins.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    In vivo dynamics of skeletal muscle Dystrophin in zebrafish embryos revealed by improved FRAP analysis

    Fernanda Bajanca et al.
    A multidisciplinary approach was used to translate the mathematical analysis of Dystrophin movements inside muscle cells into the biology of how Dystrophin interacts with the cell membrane.
    1. Neuroscience

    A network of autism linked genes stabilizes two pools of synaptic GABAA receptors

    Xia-Jing Tong et al.
    Mobile and immobile GABAA receptors in the C. elegans neuromuscular synapse are stabilized by two distinct protein scaffolds.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    B cell activation involves nanoscale receptor reorganizations and inside-out signaling by Syk

    Kathrin Kläsener et al.
    Studying the earliest events in B cell activation reveals that the B cell antigen receptor is opened and activated via the phosphorylation and binding by the spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk).
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    iTAP, a novel iRhom interactor, controls TNF secretion by policing the stability of iRhom/TACE

    Ioanna Oikonomidi et al.
    Secretion of the inflammatory cytokine TNF requires a protein called iTAP/FrmD8, which controls the cell surface stability of the TNF shedding machinery, iRhom2 and TACE/ADAM17.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Position- and Hippo signaling-dependent plasticity during lineage segregation in the early mouse embryo

    Eszter Posfai et al.
    Lineage specification and commitment are synchronized in the developing trophectoderm lineage of the mouse embryo, but are asynchronous events in the maturing inner cell mass, revealing a window of plasticity in this lineage.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Implications of the differing roles of the β1 and β3 transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains for integrin function

    Zhenwei Lu et al.
    Diverse biophysical properties of β1 and β3 integrin transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains result in distinct mechanisms of integrin activation and function.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Ancestral resurrection reveals evolutionary mechanisms of kinase plasticity

    Conor J Howard et al.
    Reconstructing ancestral enzymes has revealed that a switch in kinase substrate preference evolved via an expanded specificity intermediate that is tolerated in vivo, thus providing a path for kinase diversification.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Impaired ABCA1/ABCG1-mediated lipid efflux in the mouse retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) leads to retinal degeneration

    Federica Storti et al.
    Lipid efflux by the retinal pigment epithelium is crucial for proper retinal integrity and function, and its impairment may contribute to diseases like age-related macular degeneration.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Cell-intrinsic and -extrinsic mechanisms promote cell-type-specific cytokinetic diversity

    Tim Davies et al.
    Functional molecular analysis of cytokinesis in Caenorhabditis elegans four-cell embryos reveals cell-type-specific variation in the fundamental dependence on a robust f-actin cytoskeleton for successful cell division, mediated by both cell-intrinsic and -extrinsic pathways.

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