216 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Shorter cortical adaptation in dyslexia is broadly distributed in the superior temporal lobe and includes the primary auditory cortex

    Sagi Jaffe-Dax et al.
    BOLD activity throughout the cortex, including auditory cortex and associative regions, reveals that adaptation is shorter in dyslexia.
    1. Neuroscience

    Reduced auditory cortical adaptation in autism spectrum disorder

    Rachel Millin et al.
    Neural adaptation in auditory cortex is reduced in autism spectrum disorder, resulting in increased neural responsiveness.
    1. Neuroscience

    Fine-scale computations for adaptive processing in the human brain

    Elisa Zamboni et al.
    Laminar fMRI reveals that adaptive processing involves recurrent processing within visual cortex and top-down influences from posterior parietal cortex via feedback.
    1. Neuroscience

    Excitation and inhibition in anterior cingulate predict use of past experiences

    Jacqueline Scholl et al.
    Neurotransmitter balance in a region in frontal cortex controls how much people use information they have learnt to guide their behaviour.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Plant Biology

    Natural variation in autumn expression is the major adaptive determinant distinguishing Arabidopsis FLC haplotypes

    Jo Hepworth et al.
    Variation in autumnal expression from starting expression levels and initial cold-down-regulation, rather than epigenetic silencing, is the major field variable conferred by worldwide haplotypes of the floral repressor gene, FLC.
    1. Neuroscience

    Integrated externally and internally generated task predictions jointly guide cognitive control in prefrontal cortex

    Jiefeng Jiang et al.
    The dorsolateral prefrontal cortex integrates concurrent externally and internally generated predictions of task demand to guide information processing, while the medial prefrontal cortex corrects its prediction error based on actual task demand.
    1. Neuroscience

    Current and future goals are represented in opposite patterns in object-selective cortex

    Anouk Mariette van Loon et al.
    Multivoxel pattern of fMRI data reveals how the brain distinguishes between relevant and irrelevant representations as representations adapt to the order in which they are required in multiple task sequences.
    1. Neuroscience

    Stimulus relevance modulates contrast adaptation in visual cortex

    Andreas J Keller et al.
    Cortex dynamically regulates the flow of sensory information by suppressing responses of non-relevant stimuli through mechanisms of adaptation, while boosting sensory responses that are behaviorally important.
    1. Neuroscience

    The large-scale organization of shape processing in the ventral and dorsal pathways

    Erez Freud et al.
    Functional neuroimaging reveals sensitivity to shape information and correlation between brain activation and perceptual behaviour in both dorsal and ventral visual pathways, thereby challenging the strict binary distinctions between the two pathways.
    1. Neuroscience

    Prediction error and repetition suppression have distinct effects on neural representations of visual information

    Matthew F Tang et al.
    Multivariate analyses of human electrophysiological recordings revealed that the brain represents unexpected visual stimuli with greater fidelity than expected stimuli which arose independently of simple habituation arising from repetition.

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