4,183 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Efficient recognition of facial expressions does not require motor simulation

    Gilles Vannuscorps et al.
    It is possible to account for efficient facial expression recognition without having to invoke a mechanism of motor simulation, even in very sensitive and challenging tasks.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Genomic architecture and evolutionary antagonism drive allelic expression bias in the social supergene of red fire ants

    Carlos Martinez-Ruiz et al.
    Analyses of allelic- and socially-biased gene expression reveal that suppressed recombination causes most of the expression differences in the social supergene, with only few differences due to socially antagonistic selection.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    MITF reprograms the extracellular matrix and focal adhesion in melanoma

    Ramile Dilshat et al.
    Analysis of knockout and knockdown melanoma cells and TCGA melanoma data shows that the microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) is a major repressor of extracellular matrix (ECM) and focal adhesion genes.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Social interaction-induced activation of RNA splicing in the amygdala of microbiome-deficient mice

    Roman M Stilling et al.
    Social-interaction impairment in germ-free mice is associated with a markedly altered transcriptional response to social novelty in the amygdala, as characterised by replacement of upregulation of common stimulus-induced pathways with upregulation of the splicing machinery.
    1. Neuroscience

    Microbiota-driven transcriptional changes in prefrontal cortex override genetic differences in social behavior

    Mar Gacias et al.
    Gut microbiota can influence mPFC transcriptional profiles and myelin content, overriding the impact of genetic background in the development of social avoidance behavior.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Thalamo-cortical axons regulate the radial dispersion of neocortical GABAergic interneurons

    Sabrina Zechel et al.
    Glutamate derived from thalamo-cortical axons regulates the radial dispersion of interneurons in the developing mouse neocortex by limiting the level of expression of the K/Cl co-transporter KCC2.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Genes associated with ant social behavior show distinct transcriptional and evolutionary patterns

    Alexander S Mikheyev, Timothy A Linksvayer
    Genes associated with age-based division of labor in ants exist in distinct regulatory and evolutionary contexts; genes up-regulated in young nurses are loosely connected and rapidly evolving while genes up-regulated in old foragers are highly connected and conserved.
    1. Neuroscience

    Empathic pain evoked by sensory and emotional-communicative cues share common and process-specific neural representations

    Feng Zhou et al.
    Machine learning analyses reveal that the observation of acute pain inflictions and facial expressions of pain evoke shared pain-specific neural representations.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Developmental Biology

    ARID1A loss in adult hepatocytes activates β-catenin-mediated erythropoietin transcription

    Rozenn Riou et al.
    A chromatin remodeling factor cooperates with Wnt signaling pathway to transcribe erythropoietin in the adult liver, inducing its secretion and a dramatic erythropoiesis in the spleen.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Human axial progenitors generate trunk neural crest cells in vitro

    Thomas JR Frith et al.
    Pluripotent stem cell differentiation provides insight into how neural crest subtypes of distinct axial identity are patterned in human embryos.

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