3,615 results found
    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Family history of Alzheimer’s disease alters cognition and is modified by medical and genetic factors

    Joshua S Talboom et al.
    An internet-based cohort study of paired associate learning shows that a first-degree family history of dementia is associated with lowered performance, an effect modified by apolipoprotein E genotype and diabetes.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Autism and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder among individuals with a family history of alcohol use disorders

    Jan Sundquist et al.
    A Swedish national cohort study reveals that children with a family history of alcohol use disorders have an increased risk of autism and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    BET family members Bdf1/2 modulate global transcription initiation and elongation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

    Rafal Donczew, Steven Hahn
    Yeast bromodomain-containing factors Bdf1/2 offer insights into the biological role of the BET family of transcriptional regulators, which is a promising target in cancer therapy.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Polycomb- and REST-associated histone deacetylases are independent pathways toward a mature neuronal phenotype

    James C McGann et al.
    Poised neuronal genes are repressed by REST and Polycomb in embryonic stem cells independently and via different chromatin modifications.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Plant Biology

    Long non-coding RNA produced by RNA polymerase V determines boundaries of heterochromatin

    Gudrun Böhmdorfer et al.
    Genome-wide identification of long non-coding RNAs produced by RNA Polymerase V identifies their role in heterochromatin maintenance on the boundaries of repressed regions.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The DNA-binding protein HTa from Thermoplasma acidophilum is an archaeal histone analog

    Antoine Hocher et al.
    In Thermoplasma acidophilum, an archaeon without histones, a DNA-binding protein acquired from bacteria via horizontal gene transfer mediates histone-like chromatin architecture.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Plant Biology

    DDM1 and Lsh remodelers allow methylation of DNA wrapped in nucleosomes

    David B Lyons, Daniel Zilberman
    Nucleosomes and linker histones block eukaryotic cytosine methylation.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Maternally provided LSD1/KDM1A enables the maternal-to-zygotic transition and prevents defects that manifest postnatally

    Jadiel A Wasson et al.
    Epigenetic reprogramming by LSD1/KDM1A acts at fertilization in mice to enable embryogenesis and prevent behavioural abnormalities.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Concerted regulation of ISWI by an autoinhibitory domain and the H4 N-terminal tail

    Johanna Ludwigsen et al.
    The N-terminal domain of the chromatin remodeler ISWI contains previously uncharacterized conserved motifs that maintain structure, prevent ATP hydrolysis unless nucleosomes are bound, and confer H4-tail sensitivity without directly competing with the H4 tail.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Contingency and chance erase necessity in the experimental evolution of ancestral proteins

    Victoria Cochran Xie et al.
    Replicating experimental evolution from ancestral proteins shows that historical contingency steadily overwhelms chance and necessity as the primary cause of evolutionary variation in molecular sequences on long phylogenetic timescales.

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