7,393 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    NPAS1-ARNT and NPAS3-ARNT crystal structures implicate the bHLH-PAS family as multi-ligand binding transcription factors

    Dalei Wu et al.
    Detailed structural analysis of NPAS1-ARNT and NPAS3-ARNT complexes, and further comparisons with other bHLH-PAS protein structures, show that this family of mammalian transcription factors have distinct ligand-binding pockets within their molecular architectures.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    ETO family protein Mtgr1 mediates Prdm14 functions in stem cell maintenance and primordial germ cell formation

    Nataliya Nady et al.
    The Mtgr1 protein promotes the maintenance of pluripotency and germ cell formation via its interaction with the stem cell regulator Prdm14.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    DNA translocation mechanism of an XPD family helicase

    Kaiying Cheng, Dale B Wigley
    Structures of binary and ternary complexes of DinG reveal translocation mechanism of XPD family helicases.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A structural mechanism for bacterial autotransporter glycosylation by a dodecameric heptosyltransferase family

    Qing Yao et al.
    Protein heptosyltransferases modify a group of bacterial autotransporters for virulence function and employ a novel structural mechanism for the processive hyperglycosylation of the autotransporter.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A widespread family of serine/threonine protein phosphatases shares a common regulatory switch with proteasomal proteases

    Niels Bradshaw et al.
    Structures of active and inactive conformations of a PP2C family phosphatase reveal a conserved switch that controls enzymatic activity and point to an unexpected relationship between phosphatases and proteasomal proteases.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of substrate-bound SMG1-8-9 kinase complex reveals molecular basis for phosphorylation specificity

    Lukas M Langer et al.
    First structural view of a substrate-bound PIKK (PI3K-related-kinase) by cryo-EM explains phosphorylation specificity toward a short amino-acid motif shared across the PIKK family and rationalizes PIKK auto-inhibition by regulatory domain.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structures and functional characterization of murine Slc26a9 reveal mechanism of uncoupled chloride transport

    Justin D Walter et al.
    The cryo-EM structure and functional characterization of the chloride-selective ion transporter Slc26a9 defines its oligomeric architecture and transport mechanism.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Learning protein constitutive motifs from sequence data

    Jérôme Tubiana et al.
    A new machine-learning toolbox unveils coevolutionary protein motifs related to structure, function, and phylogeny from sequence information only.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure and mechanism of a phage-encoded SAM lyase revises catalytic function of enzyme family

    Xiaohu Guo et al.
    The first structure of a bacteriophage-encoded S-adenosyl methionine degrading enzyme was solved and demonstrated to catalyze a unimolecular lyase reaction occurring at the domain interface of a trimeric structure.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural and functional characterization of an otopetrin family proton channel

    Qingfeng Chen et al.
    Structural and functional analysis of the OTOP3 channel from Xenopus tropicalis offers insights into the mechanism of ion transport and regulation in the otopetrin proton channel family.

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