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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structures of diverse poxin cGAMP nucleases reveal a widespread role for cGAS-STING evasion in host–pathogen conflict

    James B Eaglesham et al.
    Poxin enzymes are a diverse family of insect and viral 2′3′-cGAMP nucleases, which evolved from self-cleaving RNA virus accessory proteases.
    1. Neuroscience

    A subcortical circuit linking the cerebellum to the basal ganglia engaged in vocal learning

    Ludivine Pidoux et al.
    The cerebellum sends a functional input to the song-related basal ganglia via the thalamus in songbirds that can modify premotor activity, and it participates to song learning in juvenile birds.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Specification of diverse cell types during early neurogenesis of the mouse cerebellum

    John W Wizeman et al.
    Single-cell RNA sequencing resolves inter- and intra-population heterogeneity, identifies rare cell types, and reconstructs specification trajectories during early neurogenesis of the mouse cerebellum.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A novel SH2 recognition mechanism recruits Spt6 to the doubly phosphorylated RNA polymerase II linker at sites of transcription

    Matthew A Sdano et al.
    The tandem SH2 domains of Spt6 use novel mechanisms to bind unexpected phosphorylated serine and threonine residues in the RNA polymerase II linker to recruit Spt6 to sites of transcription and maintain repressive chromatin.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    The Notch-mediated hyperplasia circuitry in Drosophila reveals a Src-JNK signaling axis

    Diana M Ho et al.
    A diverse group of modifier genes, including the proto-oncogene Src, cooperate with Notch specifically to control cell proliferation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    A SoxB gene acts as an anterior gap gene and regulates posterior segment addition in a spider

    Christian Louis Bonatto Paese et al.
    Sox21b-1 regulates simultaneous formation of anterior segments and addition of posterior segments in a spider, which resembles segmentation in long- and short-germ insects, and suggests SoxB regulation of segmentation is an ancestral feature of arthropods.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Decoupling from yolk sac is required for extraembryonic tissue spreading in the scuttle fly Megaselia abdita

    Francesca Caroti et al.
    Extraembryonic tissue spreading in the scuttle fly Megaselia abdita requires mechanical decoupling from the underlying yolk sac.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    High N-glycan multiplicity is critical for neuronal adhesion and sensitizes the developing cerebellum to N-glycosylation defect

    Daniel Medina-Cano et al.
    Impairment of protein N-glycosylation disrupts neural cell adhesion mediated by highly glycosylated members of the IgSF-CAM protein family.
    1. Neuroscience

    A unified internal model theory to resolve the paradox of active versus passive self-motion sensation

    Jean Laurens, Dora E Angelaki
    Central vestibular regions in the brainstem and cerebellum perform dynamic Bayesian inference to combine motor commands and sensory signals into an optimal estimate of self-motion.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Acquisition of exogenous haem is essential for tick reproduction

    Jan Perner et al.
    The lack of haem biosynthetic and degradative pathways in ticks offers new strategies to combat these parasites.