4,665 results found
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Prospective identification of functionally distinct stem cells and neurosphere-initiating cells in adult mouse forebrain

    John K Mich et al.
    Flow cytometric isolation and fate mapping shows that neurosphere-initiating cells are highly mitotically active and persist only transiently in vivo, and are distinct from quiescent, long-lived neural stem cells.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Evolution of the hypoxia-sensitive cells involved in amniote respiratory reflexes

    Dorit Hockman et al.
    Embryonic fate-mapping approaches in zebrafish, Xenopus and lamprey illuminate the evolutionary origins of carotid body glomus cells and pulmonary neuroendocrine cells.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Tuning the speed-accuracy trade-off to maximize reward rate in multisensory decision-making

    Jan Drugowitsch et al.
    Building on previous work (Drugowitsch et al., 2014), it is shown that decision-makers adjust their speed-accuracy trade-off flexibly from one moment to the next, based on evidence available from multiple sensory modalities, in order to nearly maximize their reward rate.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Embryonic Development: The evolution of hearing and balance

    Forrest P Weghorst, Karina S Cramer
    New genetic tools have allowed researchers to compare how the brainstem auditory and vestibular nuclei develop in embryonic chicks and mice.
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    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of the head-trunk interface in tetrapod vertebrates

    Elizabeth M Sefton et al.
    Both gill musculature and the evolutionarily conserved cucullaris muscle are derived from unsegmented mesoderm adjacent to the first 3 somites, extending the posterior limit of cranial mesoderm.
    1. Ecology

    Cyclic bouts of extreme bradycardia counteract the high metabolism of frugivorous bats

    M Teague O'Mara et al.
    Novel heart rate strategies that minimize energy expenditure during the day are necessary to cope with high energy nocturnal lifestyles of tent-making bats.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Supporting cells remove and replace sensory receptor hair cells in a balance organ of adult mice

    Stephanie A Bucks et al.
    Cell fate-mapping with genetically-modified mouse models and cellular markers demonstrates that sensory hair cells in the vestibular portion of the inner ear are a dynamic population in adult mice that undergo cell death and replacement under normal conditions.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    A non-archaeopterygid avialan theropod from the Late Jurassic of southern Germany

    Oliver WM Rauhut et al.
    A new taxon from the Late Jurassic of southern Germany represents the second volant bird known from that time period and documents the improvement of flapping flight in bird evolution.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Evolutionary Developmental Biology: Sensing oxygen inside and out

    Maria R Stupnikov, Wellington V Cardoso
    Neuroendocrine cells act as oxygen sensors in animals from fish to humans, but the evolutionary origins of these cells are only just becoming clear.
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