296 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    CNS myelination and remyelination depend on fatty acid synthesis by oligodendrocytes

    Penelope Dimas et al.
    Endogenous synthesis of fatty acids by oligodendrocytes is essential for development and repair in the central nervous system.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    The mitochondrial acyl carrier protein (ACP) coordinates mitochondrial fatty acid synthesis with iron sulfur cluster biogenesis

    Jonathan G Van Vranken et al.
    The essential function of ACP is not related to mitochondrial fatty acid and lipoic acid synthesis, but rather an evolutionarily-conserved role in iron sulfur cluster biogenesis.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Expression of SREBP-1c Requires SREBP-2-mediated Generation of a Sterol Ligand for LXR in Livers of Mice

    Shunxing Rong et al.
    SREBP-2 directly regulates genes involved in cholesterol homeostasis and indirectly regulates fatty acid synthesis through the production of a ligand responsible for the activation of LXR and SREBP-1c.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Pheromones: The taste of togetherness

    Jonathan Trevorrow Clark, Anandasankar Ray
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    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Point of View: Predictive regulation and human design

    Peter Sterling
    Why does the human regulatory system, which evolution tuned for small satisfactions, now constantly demand 'more'?
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Tuberculosis: Breaking down walls

    Moagi Tube Shaku, Bavesh Davandra Kana
    A better understanding of the mechanisms underpinning the growth of mycobacteria could help identify targets for new antibiotics.
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    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Host-Pathogen Interactions: What makes the hepatitis C virus evolve?

    Thomas R O'Brien et al.
    Polymorphisms in the IFNL4 gene that affect both the form and the activity of the coded protein are associated with changes in the hepatitis C virus.
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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Distinct cellular and molecular mechanisms for β3 adrenergic receptor-induced beige adipocyte formation

    Yuwei Jiang et al.
    The activation of beige adipocyte thermogenesis by cold temperatures and β3-adrenergic receptor agonists induce beige adipocyte formation, function and perdurance.

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