328 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mechanistic Microbiome Studies: A Special Issue

    Edited by Wendy S Garrett et al.
    eLife is pleased to present a Special Issue to highlight recent advances in the mechanistic understanding of microbiome function.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A positive feedback loop between Myc and aerobic glycolysis sustains tumor growth in a Drosophila tumor model

    Kenneth Kin Lam Wong et al.
    Specific molecular links that orchestrate growth signals and metabolic reprogramming to achieve tumorigenesis are identified as potential metabolic vulnerabilities in cancer treatment.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Electrostatic lateral interactions drive ESCRT-III heteropolymer assembly

    Sudeep Banjade et al.
    ESCRT-III heteropolymers utilize non-specific lateral electrostatic interactions to recognize one another, which may enable the polymers to slide along one another and adapt to different curvatures.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The Peptidisc, a simple method for stabilizing membrane proteins in detergent-free solution

    Michael Luke Carlson et al.
    A simple, yet elegant method for robust self-assembly of diverse membrane proteins into soluble peptide nanoparticles for their structural and functional analysis in detergent-free solutions.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Firefly genomes illuminate parallel origins of bioluminescence in beetles

    Timothy R Fallon et al.
    The first genomic view of beetle luciferase evolution indicates evolutionary independence of luciferase between fireflies and click-beetles, and provide valuable datasets which will accelerate the discovery of new biotechnological tools.
    1. Cell Biology

    Myotubularin related protein-2 and its phospholipid substrate PIP2 control Piezo2-mediated mechanotransduction in peripheral sensory neurons

    Pratibha Narayanan et al.
    Local Mtmr2 activity and PI(3,5)P2 abundance dynamically control Piezo2-dependent mechanotransduction in peripheral sensory neurons.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Proteasome storage granules protect proteasomes from autophagic degradation upon carbon starvation

    Richard S Marshall, Richard D Vierstra
    Proteasomes are protected from autophagic elimination upon carbon starvation by sequestration into cytoplasmic storage granules, which aid cell fitness by providing a cache of proteasomes that can be rapidly remobilized when carbon availability improves.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Severe infections emerge from commensal bacteria by adaptive evolution

    Bernadette C Young et al.
    Life-threatening S. aureus infections emerge from commensal nose bacteria in association with repeatable adaptive evolution.
    1. Neuroscience

    Loss of Frataxin induces iron toxicity, sphingolipid synthesis, and Pdk1/Mef2 activation, leading to neurodegeneration

    Kuchuan Chen et al.
    In Drosophila, the loss of Frataxin causes iron accumulation in the nervous system, which in turn enhances sphingolipid synthesis and activation of PDK1 and Mef2, which leads to neurodegeneration.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cellular encoding of Cy dyes for single-molecule imaging

    Lilia Leisle et al.
    Cyanine fluorophores are encoded as non-canonical amino acids to produce functional proteins in cell-free translation systems and live cells for single-molecule imaging.

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