29 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Expansion of the fatty acyl reductase gene family shaped pheromone communication in Hymenoptera

    Michal Tupec et al.
    A fatty acyl reductase gene family expansion in the Hymenoptera crown group led to recruitment of novel pheromone-biosynthetic enzymes and is linked to evolution of pheromone marking behavior.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Genetic architecture of natural variation in cuticular hydrocarbon composition in Drosophila melanogaster

    Lauren M Dembeck et al.
    Genome wide association analyses in a wild-derived Drosophila melanogaster population uncover extensive variation in cuticular hydrocarbon composition, which may present a target for natural selection and adaptive evolution.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    The mitochondrial acyl carrier protein (ACP) coordinates mitochondrial fatty acid synthesis with iron sulfur cluster biogenesis

    Jonathan G Van Vranken et al.
    The essential function of ACP is not related to mitochondrial fatty acid and lipoic acid synthesis, but rather an evolutionarily-conserved role in iron sulfur cluster biogenesis.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Apicomplexan-like parasites are polyphyletic and widely but selectively dependent on cryptic plastid organelles

    Jan Janouškovec et al.
    Apicomplexan-like parasites originated several times independently and many of them contain cryptic plastid organelles, which demonstrate that the parasites evolved from photosynthetic algae.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Lipid polarity gradient formed by ω-hydroxy lipids in tear film prevents dry eye disease

    Masatoshi Miyamoto et al.
    (O-Acyl)-ω-hydroxy fatty acids and their derivatives, produced by the fatty acid ω-hydroxylase Cyp4f39, form a lipid polarity gradient in the lipid layer of the tear film and prevent dry eye.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genome mining unearths a hybrid nonribosomal peptide synthetase-like-pteridine synthase biosynthetic gene cluster

    Hyun Bong Park et al.
    A new type of hybrid nonribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS)-like-pteridine synthase biosynthetic pathway has been illuminated via genome mining.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Improved lipidomic profile mediates the effects of adherence to healthy lifestyles on coronary heart disease

    Jiahui Si et al.
    Lifestyle interventions and statins may target different components of the lipid profile, suggesting that they are not redundant strategies but could be combined for better benefits.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Mitochondrial fatty acid synthesis coordinates oxidative metabolism in mammalian mitochondria

    Sara M Nowinski et al.
    Mitochondrial fatty acid synthesis is best known for producing lipoic acid, however, longer acyl chain products regulate mitochondrial electron transport chain assembly, oxidative TCA cycle metabolism, and skeletal myoblast differentiation.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Human DECR1 is an androgen-repressed survival factor that regulates PUFA oxidation to protect prostate tumor cells from ferroptosis

    Zeyad D Nassar et al.
    DECR1, a rate-limiting enzyme for polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) β-oxidation, is an androgen-repressed gene in prostate cancer cells that limits oxidative stress to promote cancer cell survival.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Hedgehog signaling is a potent regulator of liver lipid metabolism and reveals a GLI-code associated with steatosis

    Madlen Matz-Soja et al.
    The Hedgehog signalling pathway is a master regulator of lipid metabolic processes and their zonation in the adult liver of mice and humans.

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