477 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Fixation-pattern similarity analysis reveals adaptive changes in face-viewing strategies following aversive learning

    Lea Kampermann et al.
    A novel approach based on eye-movement patterns reveals adaptive changes during viewing of faces and fear generalization.
    1. Neuroscience

    A genetic link between discriminative fear coding by the lateral amygdala, dopamine, and fear generalization

    Graham L Jones et al.
    Discrimination of predictive and non-predictive fear stimuli requires plasticity in the lateral amygdala that is regulated by midbrain dopamine neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Social aversive generalization learning sharpens the tuning of visuocortical neurons to facial identity cues

    Yannik Stegmann et al.
    Measures of visuocortical activity during aversive generalization learning revealed sharpened representations of facial identity, reflecting inhibitory interactions between neuronal populations that represent facial features associated with threat versus safety.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopaminergic and opioidergic regulation during anticipation and consumption of social and nonsocial rewards

    Sebastian Korb et al.
    Administration of dopamine and opioid receptor antagonists resulted in reduced reward anticipation (effort and increased negative facial reactions), but only administration of opioid antagonists resulted in reduced liking (facial reactions).
    1. Neuroscience

    Navigating the garden of forking paths for data exclusions in fear conditioning research

    Tina B Lonsdorf et al.
    Exclusion of participants in tasks with a learning element can introduce substantial bias and needs to be carefully considered and transparently reported and justified.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Fundamental bound on the persistence and capacity of short-term memory stored as graded persistent activity

    Onur Ozan Koyluoglu et al.
    A fundamental lower-bound on memory recall precision, which declines with storage duration and number of stored items, is derived, and human performance is shown to be well-fit by this theoretical bound.
    1. Neuroscience

    A theory of working memory without consciousness or sustained activity

    Darinka Trübutschek et al.
    Visual information can be maintained in non-conscious working memory for several seconds via short-term changes in synaptic weights.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Topological constraints in early multicellularity favor reproductive division of labor

    David Yanni et al.
    Mathematical modeling shows that reproductive specialization is strongly favored in sparse networks of cellular interactions that reflect the morphology of early multicellular organisms, even when benefits of specialization are saturating.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Notochord vacuoles absorb compressive bone growth during zebrafish spine formation

    Jennifer Bagwell et al.
    Live imaging and genetic analyses revealed that notochord vacuoles play a critical role in spine morphogenesis by absorbing vertebral bone growth, thus implicating notochord mechanics in congenital scoliosis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Shifting from fear to safety through deconditioning-update

    Bruno Popik et al.
    Deconditioning is a safe and efficient new approach to updating traumatic memories, in which fear memory is rewritten to a very low level in a long-lasting way.

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