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    1. Neuroscience

    An insect-like mushroom body in a crustacean brain

    Gabriella Hannah Wolff et al.
    An insect-like mushroom body in one group of crustaceans, the mantis shrimps (Stomatopoda), suggests either an ancient origin of this center and its reduction and loss in other crustaceans, or an extraordinary example of convergent evolution with the insect mushroom body.
    1. Neuroscience

    Single-exposure visual memory judgments are reflected in inferotemporal cortex

    Travis Meyer, Nicole C Rust
    In response to the question "Have you seen this image before?", remembering and forgetting can be accounted for by a weighted linear read-out of memory signals in monkey inferotemporal cortex.
    1. Cell Biology

    A microRNA negative feedback loop downregulates vesicle transport and inhibits fear memory

    Rebecca S Mathew et al.
    A fear conditioning-induced miRNA acts in a negative feedback loop that targets vesicle exocytosis and neurotransmitter receptor trafficking, and inhibits memory formation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Human hippocampal CA3 damage disrupts both recent and remote episodic memories

    Thomas D Miller et al.
    Human hippocampal cornu ammonis 3 damage impairs both recent and remote autobiographical episodic memory, and disrupts functional integration in medial temporal lobe subsystem regions of the default network.
    1. Neuroscience

    Parvalbumin-positive interneurons mediate neocortical-hippocampal interactions that are necessary for memory consolidation

    Frances Xia et al.
    Electrophysiological and behavioural experiments reveal that parvalbumin interneuron-mediated increases in neocortical-hippocampal interactions are necessary for successful memory consolidation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Self-organized reactivation maintains and reinforces memories despite synaptic turnover

    Michael Jan Fauth, Mark CW van Rossum
    Despite ongoing rewiring and continuous turnover of synapses, a computational model shows that memories can maintain and even strengthen their connectivity by self-reactivating during periods without sensory input.
    1. Neuroscience

    The wiring diagram of a glomerular olfactory system

    Matthew E Berck et al.
    The complete neural circuit map of a tractable olfactory system will support studies towards bridging the gap between circuits and behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning precise spatiotemporal sequences via biophysically realistic learning rules in a modular, spiking network

    Ian Cone, Harel Z Shouval
    A computational model shows that it's possible to learn and replay extended temporal sequences in a network of spiking neurons with a modular architecture and a biologically realistic learning rule.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional connectivity in human auditory networks and the origins of variation in the transmission of musical systems

    Massimo Lumaca et al.
    Resting-state functional connectivity between core regions of fronto-temporal auditory networks can distinguish music transmitters from innovators.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Towards deep learning with segregated dendrites

    Jordan Guerguiev et al.
    A multi-compartment spiking neural network model demonstrates that biologically feasible deep learning can be achieved if sensory inputs and higher-order feedback are received by different dendritic compartments.