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    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Accelerated cryo-EM structure determination with parallelisation using GPUs in RELION-2

    Dari Kimanius et al.
    Using GPUs for the costly computations in cryo-EM enables structure determination in mere days on a single workstation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Early life adversity decreases pre-adolescent fear expression by accelerating amygdala PV cell development

    Gabriela Manzano Nieves et al.
    Early life adversity (ELA) accelerated PV+ interneuron development in BLA and delayed the ability of pre-adolescent mice to express, but not form, an auditory conditioned fear memory in childhood.
    1. Neuroscience

    'Online' integration of sensory and fear memories in the rat medial temporal lobe

    Francesca S Wong et al.
    Elements of a past sensory memory are incorporated into a new fear memory, and in this way, a stimulus never paired with danger becomes frightening.
    1. Neuroscience

    Different types of theta rhythmicity are induced by social and fearful stimuli in a network associated with social memory

    Alex Tendler, Shlomo Wagner
    Variations in the frequency of theta brain waves enable a single network of brain regions to generate appropriate responses to stimuli with different kinds of emotional value.
    1. Neuroscience

    Isoform-specific roles for AKT in affective behavior, spatial memory, and extinction related to psychiatric disorders

    Helen Wong et al.
    Murine behavioral testing and biochemical experiments reveal AKT isoform- and sex-dependent mechanisms regulating affective behavior, memory formation, and extinction.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dissociable control of unconditioned responses and associative fear learning by parabrachial CGRP neurons

    Anna J Bowen et al.
    Parabrachial neurons expressing CGRP relay affective components of ascending pain information via distinct thalamic and amygdalar pathways, which together contribute to complementary aspects of adaptive threat responses.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopamine neurons drive fear extinction learning by signaling the omission of expected aversive outcomes

    Ximena I Salinas-Hernández et al.
    Dopamine signaling is necessary for normal fear extinction learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    A theory of working memory without consciousness or sustained activity

    Darinka Trübutschek et al.
    Visual information can be maintained in non-conscious working memory for several seconds via short-term changes in synaptic weights.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Phenotypic states become increasingly sensitive to perturbations near a bifurcation in a synthetic gene network

    Kevin Axelrod et al.
    Perturbations in the extracellular environment drive transitions from a highly stable memory state to an alternative phenotype in microorganisms.
    1. Neuroscience

    Misaligned feeding impairs memories

    Dawn H Loh et al.
    The time at which mice consume food can dramatically affect hippocampal-dependent biochemistry, physiology, and learned behavior.