8,074 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Visual projection neurons in the Drosophila lobula link feature detection to distinct behavioral programs

    Ming Wu et al.
    Neurons called lobula columnar cells help fruit flies respond appropriately to specific visual cues, such as those signaling an approaching predator.
    1. Neuroscience

    An excitatory amacrine cell detects object motion and provides feature-selective input to ganglion cells in the mouse retina

    Tahnbee Kim et al.
    The mouse visual system is able to detect small moving objects due to the activity of VG3-amacrine cells, an unusual type of modulatory cell that uses the transmitter glutamate to activate retinal output cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Current and future goals are represented in opposite patterns in object-selective cortex

    Anouk Mariette van Loon et al.
    Multivoxel pattern of fMRI data reveals how the brain distinguishes between relevant and irrelevant representations as representations adapt to the order in which they are required in multiple task sequences.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cryo-electron tomography reveals novel features of a viral RNA replication compartment

    Kenneth J Ertel et al.
    Cryo-electron tomography unveils striking new structural components of positive-strand virus RNA replication compartments, greatly advancing mechanistic insights into the structure, assembly, function and control of these critical complexes.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Proteome-wide signatures of function in highly diverged intrinsically disordered regions

    Taraneh Zarin et al.
    Widespread, rapidly evolving disordered regions contain molecular features that are preserved over evolution and are associated with specific biological functions.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Self-assembling manifolds in single-cell RNA sequencing data

    Alexander J Tarashansky et al.
    An iterative self-assembling algorithm identifies the intrinsic structures in single-cell transcriptomic data and helps to discover new cell populations that are undetectable by existing methods.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Translational initiation in E. coli occurs at the correct sites genome-wide in the absence of mRNA-rRNA base-pairing

    Kazuki Saito et al.
    E. coli ribosomes incapable of base-pairing with the Shine-Dalgarno sequence are still selective for annotated start sites, indicating these sites are hard-wired for initiation by other mRNA features.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Importance of miRNA stability and alternative primary miRNA isoforms in gene regulation during Drosophila development

    Li Zhou et al.
    Selective degradation of mature miRNAs shapes temporal miRNA expression patterns and is important for proper regulation of target genes to support normal development of Drosophila embryos.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    True S-cones are concentrated in the ventral mouse retina and wired for color detection in the upper visual field

    Francisco M Nadal-Nicolás et al.
    Unique 'true' S-cone and S-cone bipolar cell distribution patterns in the mouse retina are previously unappreciated anatomical features that support enhanced short-wavelength signaling for color detection above horizon.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Phylogenetic divergence of cell biological features

    Michael Lynch
    Cell biological features are subject to stochastic forces of mutation and random genetic drift, which together cause lineages exposed to identical selection pressures to diverge, and mean phenotypes to deviate from expectations under optimizing selection.

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