561 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Electron cryo-microscopy of bacteriophage PR772 reveals the elusive vertex complex and the capsid architecture

    Hemanth KN Reddy et al.
    The structure and composition of the elusive vertex complex in Tectiviridae is finally revealed and the newly reported protein conformations help to maintain the capsid architecture.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Two mechanisms regulate directional cell growth in Arabidopsis lateral roots

    Charlotte Kirchhelle et al.
    In lateral roots, cells employ a novel pathway to cell edges to control directional growth, which acts independently of the leading paradigm of oriented deposition of cellulose microfibrils at faces.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Accelerated phosphatidylcholine turnover in macrophages promotes adipose tissue inflammation in obesity

    Kasparas Petkevicius et al.
    Obesity leads to increased phosphatidylcholine turnover in adipose tissue macrophages that makes them susceptible to saturated fatty acid-induced inflammation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Single molecule mechanics resolves the earliest events in force generation by cardiac myosin

    Michael S Woody et al.
    Cardiac myosin converts energy from ATP into mechanical work by transitioning from a short-lived force-bearing state, to a post working stroke state before the release of inorganic phosphate.
    1. Neuroscience

    Human motor fatigability as evoked by repetitive movements results from a gradual breakdown of surround inhibition

    Marc Bächinger et al.
    Motor fatigability is associated with a decrease in inhibition throughout the motor network, suggesting that selective inhibitory control is a key mechanism to maintain motor efficiency during repetitive movements.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    High-resolution and high-accuracy topographic and transcriptional maps of the nucleosome barrier

    Zhijie Chen et al.
    Direct observation of RNA Polymerase II transcription through a single nucleosome at near basepair resolution suggests a mechanism for selective control of gene expression.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Heparan sulfates are critical regulators of the inhibitory megakaryocyte-platelet receptor G6b-B

    Timo Vögtle et al.
    Heparan sulfates in the vessel wall bind and regulate signaling from the megakaryocyte/platelet-specific inhibitory receptor G6b-B, a critical regulator of platelet homeostasis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Humans can efficiently look for but not select multiple visual objects

    Eduard Ort et al.
    During search for multiple targets, individuals can efficiently prepare to select multiple target objects simultaneously, but the actual selection of those objects from the sensory input is limited.
    1. Cell Biology

    Evidence that a positive feedback loop drives centrosome maturation in fly embryos

    Ines Alvarez-Rodrigo et al.
    Polo kinase recruitment by the protein Spd-2 to the pericentriolar scaffold is a key element of the positive feedback loop which drives the expansion of the mitotic centrosomes in flies.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Endangered wild salmon infected by newly discovered viruses

    Gideon J Mordecai et al.
    Newly discovered viruses in dead and dying farmed Chinook salmon are widely distributed in threatened wild Chinook and sockeye salmon populations.

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