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    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Measuring the distribution of fitness effects in somatic evolution by combining clonal dynamics with dN/dS ratios

    Marc J Williams et al.
    Measurement of the distribution of fitness effects of new mutations arising in human oesophagus and skin, via new mathematical theory linking dn/ds values and fitness coefficients.
    1. Neuroscience

    Identification of slit3 as a locus affecting nicotine preference in zebrafish and human smoking behaviour

    Judit García-González et al.
    Zebrafish studies are able to predict loci and biological pathways affecting human behaviour, paving the way to better understanding of the biological underpinnings of psychiatric disease.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Global genome diversity of the Leishmania donovani complex

    Susanne U Franssen et al.
    Genomic data for the parasites that cause visceral leishmaniasis provides the first global picture of the diversity and evolution of the pathogen and the epidemiology of this fatal tropical disease.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Eya2 promotes cell cycle progression by regulating DNA damage response during vertebrate limb regeneration

    Konstantinos Sousounis et al.
    Experimental manipulation of a core DNA damage response factor and cell-cycle checkpoint regulators reveals a key role for these processes in the progenitor cells that fuel limb regeneration.
  1. eLife Ambassadors: Contributions start to bear fruit

    Outputs from the eLife Ambassadors programme are beginning to emerge from projects on a wide range of topics – from reproducibility and peer review to mentoring and leadership.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Defective lytic transglycosylase disrupts cell morphogenesis by hindering cell wall de-O-acetylation in Neisseria meningitidis

    Allison Hillary Williams et al.
    Lytic transglycosylase enhances the activity of its protein partner, and its catalytic domain can be targeted to disrupt cell-wall integrity, protein partner function, and bacterial survival (Neisseria meningitidis) in hosts.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Selectivity to approaching motion in retinal inputs to the dorsal visual pathway

    Todd R Appleby, Michael B Manookin
    Cells in the primate retina show unexpected sensitivity to approaching motion and optical flow.
    1. Cell Biology

    A highly responsive pyruvate sensor reveals pathway-regulatory role of the mitochondrial pyruvate carrier MPC

    Robinson Arce-Molina et al.
    A user-friendly genetically-encoded fluorescent sensor of improved dynamic range is introduced to facilitate the study of mitochondrial metabolism and diversity.
    1. Neuroscience

    A Toll-receptor map underlies structural brain plasticity

    Guiyi Li et al.
    Structural brain plasticity is encoded in the topographic distribution of Toll receptors and their ability to switch between alternative signalling outcomes, thus translating diverse sensory experience into structural change.
    1. Cell Biology

    ATR expands embryonic stem cell fate potential in response to replication stress

    Sina Atashpaz et al.
    ATR protects stem cell genomes by activating a transcriptional response mediated by totipotency genes, conferring trophoblast differentiation potential, the derepression of which in somatic cells might favour cancer features emergence.