3,314 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Salmonella Typhi and Salmonella Paratyphi A elaborate distinct systemic metabolite signatures during enteric fever

    Elin Näsström et al.
    Metabolite analysis of plasma from enteric fever patients define signals of organism specific host–pathogen interactions and provides opportunities for new diagnostics.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Rift Valley fever phlebovirus NSs protein core domain structure suggests molecular basis for nuclear filaments

    Michal Barski et al.
    Insight into the molecular assembly of a protein with a central role in infections paves the way to understanding how Rift Valley fever virus causes disease.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Reproducible diagnostic metabolites in plasma from typhoid fever patients in Asia and Africa

    Elin Näsström et al.
    Mass spectrometry on plasma from patients with typhoid fever and other febrile disease identified and validated 24 metabolites that can distinguish typhoid from other febrile diseases, providing a new approach for typhoid diagnostics.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    More effective drugs lead to harder selective sweeps in the evolution of drug resistance in HIV-1

    Alison F Feder et al.
    The transition from bad to good treatments for HIV was accompanied by a shift from soft sweeps of many drug resistance mutations spreading simultaneously to harder sweeps of one drug resistant genotype at a time.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Quantifying the contribution of Plasmodium falciparum malaria to febrile illness amongst African children

    Ursula Dalrymple et al.
    Fevers amongst African children are often assumed to be caused by a malaria infection, but here it is estimated that the majority of fevers amongst African children, including those with a patent malaria infection, are due to infections with diseases other than malaria.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A novel ciprofloxacin-resistant subclade of H58 Salmonella Typhi is associated with fluoroquinolone treatment failure

    Duy Pham Thanh et al.
    A fluoroquinolone resistant variant of Salmonella Typhi has emerged that is likely to be widespread in the Indian subcontinent; therefore fluoroquinolones should not be recommended for empirical typhoid fever therapy in this setting.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    TAPBPR mediates peptide dissociation from MHC class I using a leucine lever

    F Tudor Ilca et al.
    Immunopeptidomics in combination with novel cell-based assays that assess peptide exchange reveal a critical role for the K22-D35 loop of TAPBPR in mediating peptide dissociation and peptide selection on MHC I.

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